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On a certain morning, not very long ago, the sun, 
according to his ancient and admirable custom, 
rose at a very early hour, and casting his bright 
beams far and wide over the Pacific, lighted up 
the yellow sands and the verdant hills of one of 
the loveliest of the islands of that mighty sea. 

It was early mornirt^, as we have said, and there 
was plenty of life — animal as well as vegetable 
to be seen on land and yea, and in the warm, 
hazy atmosphere. But there were no indications 
of man's presence in that beautiful scene. The 
air was perfectlv calm, yet the aentle swell of tht 


ocean terminated in great waves, which cstme roll- 
ing in like walls of glass, and fell on the coral-reef 
like rushing snow-wreaths with a roar as loud as 

Thousands of sea-birds screamed and circled in 
the sky. , Fish leaped high out of their native 

element into the air, as if tliey wished to catcb 
the gulls, while the gulls, seemingly smitten with 

a similar desire, dived into the water as if thej 

wished to catch the fish. It might have been 
observed, however, that while the fish never suc- 
ceeded in catching the gulls, the latter very fre- 
quently caught the fish, and, without taking the 
trouble to kill them, bolted them down alive. 

Cocoanut-palms cast the shadows of their long 
stems and graceful tops upon the beach, while, 
farther inland, a dense forest of tropical plants 
bread-fruit trees, bananas, &c. — rose up the moun- 
tain-sides. Here and there open patches might 
be seen, that looked Kke fields and lawns, but 
there were no cottages or villas. Droves of pigs 
rambled about the valleys and on the hill-sides, 
but they were wild pigs. No man tended them. 


The bread-fruits, the cocoanuts, the bananas, the 
plantains, the plums, all were beautiful and fit for 
food, but no man owned them or used them, for, 
like many other spots in that sea of coral isles and 
Bavage men, the island was uninhabited. 

In all the wide expanse of ocean ^ that sur- 
rounded that island, there was nothing visible 
save one small, solitary speck on the far-oflf 
horizon. It might have been » mistaken for a sea- 
gull, but it was in reality a raft — a mass of spars 
and planks rudely bouncf together with ropes. 
A boat's mast rose from the centre of it, on which 
hung a rag of sail, and a small red flag drooped 
motionless from its summit. There were a few 
casks on the highest part of the raft, but no living 
soul was visibla Nevertheless, it was not with- 
out tenants. In a hollow between two of the 
spars, under the shadow of one of the casks, lay 
the form of a man. The canvas trousers, cotton 
shirt, blue jacket, and open necktie, bespoke him 

a sailor, but it seemed as though there were 
nothing left save the dead body of the unfortunate 
tar, so pale and thin and ghastly were his featurea 


A terrier dog lay beside him , so shrunken that it 
looked like a mere scrap of dooi-matting. Both 
man and dog were apparently dead, but they were 
not 80 in reality, for, after lying about an hour 
quite motionless, the man slowly opened his eyes. 

Ah, reader, it would have touched your heart to 
have seen those eyes ! They were so deep set, as 
if in dark caverns, and so unnaturally large. They 
gazed round in a vacant way for a few moments, 
until they fell on the dog. Then a gleam of fire 
shot through them, and their owner raised hia 
laxge, gaunt, wasted frame on one elbow, while he 
gazed witli a look of eagerness, which was pep* 
fectly awful, at his dumb companion, 

" Not dead yet ! " he said, drawing a long sigh. 

There was a strange, incongruous mixture 
satisfaction and discontent in the remark, which 
was muttered in a faint whisper. 

Another gleam shot through the large eyes. It 
was not a pleasant look. Slowly, and as if with 
difficulty, the man drew a clasp-knife from his 
pocket, and opened it As he did so, his brows 
lowered and his teelh became clenched It was 


quite plain ^rhat he meant to do. As lie held the 
open knife over the dog's head, he muttered^ 
" Am I to die for the sake of a dog I " 

Either the terrier's slumbers had come to an end 
uatuxally, at a fortunate moment, oi the master's 

voice had awakened it, for it opened its eyes, 
raised its head, and looked up in the sailor's face. 
The hand with the knife drooped a little. The 
dog rose and licked it. Hunger had done its work 
on the poor creature, for it could hardly stand, yet 
it managed to look in its master s face with that 
grave, simple gaze of self-forgetting love, which 
appears to be peculiar to the canine race. The 
savage glare of the seaman^s eyes vanished, ile 
dropped the knife. 


Thanks, Cuffy; thanks for stoppin* me. 


woxdd have been murder! No, no, my doggie 
you and I shall die together/' 

His voice sank into a murmur, partly ifrom 
weakness and partly from the ideas suggested by 
his concluding words, 

" Die together ! " he repeated, " surely it ain't 

come to that yet Wot, John Jarwin, you 're not 


goin' to give in like that, are you ? to haul down 
your colotirs on a fine day with a clear sky like 
this overhead? Come, cheer up, lad; you'ra 
young and can hold out a good while yet Hey, 
old dog, wot say you?'* 

The dog made a motion that would, in or- 
dinary circumstances, have resulted in the 

wagging of its tail, but the tail was powerless 

to respond. 
At that moment a guU flew towards the raft ; 

Jarwin watched it eagerly as it approached. 
"Ah," he muttered, clasping his bony hand as 
tightly over his heart as his strength would allow 

and addressing the gull, " if I only had hold of 

you, I 'd tear you limb from limb, and drink your 
blood ! " 

He watched the bird intently as it flew straight 
over him. Leaning back, he continued slowly to 
follow its flight, until his head rested on the 
block of wood which had served him for a pillow. 
The support felt agreeable, he forgot the guU, 
closed his eyes, and sank with a deep sigh into a 
slumber that strongly resembled death. 


Presently he awoke with a start, and, once moie 
raising himself, gazed round upon the sea. No 
ship was to be seen. How often he had gazed 
round the watery circle with the same anxious 
look only to meet with disappointment I The 
hills of the coral island were visible like a blue 

cloud on the horizon, but Jarwin's eyes were too 
dim and worn out to observe them. 

" Come," he exclaimed, suddenly, scrambling to 
his feet, ** rouse up, CufFy ; you an' I ain't a-goin' 
to die without a good fight for life. Come along, 
my hearty ; we '11 have another glass of grog 
Adam's grog it is, but it has been good grog to you 
an' me, doggie — an' then we shall have anothei 
inspection o' the locker ; mayhap there 's the half 
of a crumb left/' 

The comparatively cheery tone in which the 
sailor said this seemed to invigorate the dog, for 
it rose and actually succeeded in wriggling its tail 

as it staggered after its master — indubitable sign 
of hope and love not yet subdued I 
Jarwin went to a cask which still contained a 

small quantity of fresh water. Three weeks be- 


fore the point at which we take tip his stoiy, a 
storm had left him and his dog the sole sumvors 
on the raft of the crew of a barque which had 
sprung a leak, and gone to the bottom. His pro- 
vision at the time was a very small quantity of 

biscuit and a cask of fresh water. Several day« 
before this the last biscuit had been consuinec\ 
but the water had not yet failed, Hitliorto John 
Jarwin had husbanded his provisions, but now, 
feeling desperate, he drank deeply of the few re- 
maining drops of that liquid which, at the time> 
was almost as vital to him as his life*blood. He 
gave a full draught also to the little dog. 

'* Share and share alike, doggie," he said, patting 
its head, as it eagerly lajiped up the walor; *' but 
there's no wittles, Cufly, an' ye don't eare lor 
baccy, or ye should be heartily welcome to a 

So saying, the sailor supplied his own cheek 
with a very small piece of his favourite weed, and 
stood up on the highest part of the raft to feiuvey 
the surrounding prospect. He did so witiiout 
much hope, for *' hope deferred "had at last made 


his heart sick. Suddenly his wandering gaze 
became fixed and intense. He shaded his eyes 
with one hand, and steadied himself against the 
mast with the other. There could be no doubt oi 
it ! " Land ho ! " he shouted, with a degree 
strength that surprised himself, tuid even drew 

from Cuffy the ghost of a bark. On the strength 

of the discovery Jarwin and his dumb friend im- 
mediately treated themselves to another glass of 
Adam's grog. 

But poor Jarwin had his patience further tried. 
Hours passed away, and still the island seemed as 
far ofi' as ever. Night drew on, and it gradually 
faded from his view. But he had unquestionably 
seen land ; so, with this to comfort him, the starv- 
ing tar lay down beside his dog to spend another 
night — as he had already spent many days and 
nights — a castaway on the wide ocean. 

Morning dawned, and the sailor rose with dif- 
ficulty. He had forgotten, for a moment, the dis- 
covery of land on the previous night, but it was 
brought suddenly to his remembrance by the roai 
of breakei-s near at hand. Turning in the direo 


tion whence the sound came, he beheld an island 
quite close to him, with heavy *' rollers " breaking 
furiously on the encircling ring of the coral-reef. 
The still water between the reef and the shore, 
which was about a quarter of a mile wide, reflected 

every tree and crag of the island, as if in a mirror. 
It was a grand, a glorious sight, and caused Jar- 
win's heart to swell with emotions that he had 
never felt before ; but his attention was quickly 
turned to a danger which was imminent, and 
which seemed to threaten the total destruction 
of his raft, and the loss of his life. 

A very slight breeze — a mere zephyr — which 
had carried him during the night towards the 
island, was now bearing him straight, though 
slowly, down on the reef, where, if he had once 
got involved in the breakers, the raft must cer- 
tainly have been dashed to pieces ; and he knew 
full well, that in his weak condition, he was 
utterly incapable of contending with such a 

Being a man of promptitude, his first act, on 
making this discovery, was to lower the sail, 

ADRIFT ON THE 0(*ttA>l. 

rhis was, fortunately, done in time ; had he kept 
it wp a few miuutes longer, he must inevitaMy 
have passed the only opening in the reef that 
existed on that side of the island. This opening 
was not more than fifty yards wide. To the right 
and left of it the breakers on the reef extended, in 
lines of seething foam. Already the raft was 
rolling in the commotion caused by these breakers, 
as it drifted towards the opening, 

Jarwin was by no means devoid of courage. 
Many a time, in days gone by, when his good 
ship was tossing on the stormy sea, or scudding 
under bare poles, had he stood on the deck with 

unshaken confidence and a calm heart, but now 
he was face to face with the seaman's most dreaded 
enemy — "breakers ahead I" — nay, worse, breakers 
aroimd him everywhere, save at that one narrow 

passage, which appeared so small, and so involved 
in the general turmoil, as to afford scarcely an 
element of hope. For the first time in his life 
Jarwin's heart sank within him — at least so he 
Raid in after years while talking of the event — but 
we f^napect that John was uiuicrratmg nimselt 



At all events, he showed no symptoms of fear as 
he sat there calmly awaiting his fate. 

As the raft approached the reef, each successive 

roller lifted it up and dropped it behind more 
violently, until at last the top of one of the glitter- 
ing green walls broke just as it passed under the 
end of the raft nearest the shore. Jarwin now 
knew that the next billow would seal his fate. 

There was a wide space between each of those 
mighty waves. Ho looked out to sea, and beheld 
the swell rising and taking fonn, and increasii 
in speed as it came on. Calmly divesting liimself 
of his coat and boots, he sat down beside his dog 
and awaited the event. At that moment he 
observed, with intense gratitude to the Almighty, 



that the raft was drifting so straight towards the 
middle of the channel in the reef, that there seemed 
every probability of being carried through it ; but 
the hope thus raised was somewhat chilled by the 
feeling of weakness which pervaded his frame. 

Now, Cuffy," said he, patting the terrier gently, 
" rouse up, my doggie ; we must make a brave 
Btruggle for life. It 's neck or nothing this tima 


If we touch that reef in passing, CufT, you an* I 
shall be food for the sharks to-night, an' it's my 
opinion that the shark as gits us won't hare much 
occasion to boast oF his supper." 

The sailor ceased speaking abruptly. As he 
looked back at the approaching roller he felt 
solemnised and somewhat alarmed, for it appeared 
so perpendicular and so high from his low posi- 

tion, that it seemed as if it would fall on and 
overwhelm the raft. There was, indeed, some 
danger of this, (jlaucing along its length, Jarwin 
flaw that here and there the edge was lipping 
over, while in one place, not far oft', the thunder 
its fjiU had already begun. Another moment, and 
it appeared U) hang over his head ; the raft was 
violently lifted at the stern, caught up, and whirled 
onward at railway speed, like a cork in the midst 
of a boiling cauldron of foam. The roar was deaf- 
ening. The tumultuous heaving almost overturned 
it several times. Jarwin held on firmly to the 
mast with his right arm, and grasped tlie terrier 
with his left hand, for the poor creature had not 

strength to resist such furious motion. It all 


passed with bewildering speed. It seemed as if, 
in one instant, the raft was hurled through the 
narrows, and launched into the calm harbour 
within. An eddy, at the inner side of the open- 
ing, swept it round, and fixed the end of one of 
the largest spars of which it was composed on the 

There were fifty yards or so of sandy coral-reef 
between tlie beach outside, that faced the sea, and 
the beach inside, which faced the land ; yet how 
great the difference ! The one beach, buffeted foi 
ever, day and night, by the breakers — in calm by 
the grand successive rollers that, as it were, sym- 
bolised the ocean's latent power — in storm by the 
mad deluge of billows which displayed that power 
in all its terrible grandeur. The other beach, a 
smooth, sloping circlet of fair white sand, laved 
only by the ripples of the lagoon, or by its tiny 
wavelets, when a gale chanced to sweep over 
from tlie land. 

Jarwin soon gained this utter beach with Cufiy 
in his arms, and sat down to rest, for his strength 
load been so much reduced that the mere excite- 


Jan^yin afui Citff\\ 

set page 15 


Buent of passing through the reef had almost ex- 
hausted him. Cuffy, however, seemed to derive 
new life from the touch of earth again, for it ran 
about in a staggering drunken sort of way ; wagged 
its tail at the root, — without, however, being able 
to influence the point, — and made numerous futile 

efforts to bark. 

In the midst of its weakly gambols the terrier 
chanced to discover a dead fish on the sands. 
Instantly it darted forward and began to devour 
it with great voracity, 

" Hallo ! Cuffy," shouted Jarwin, who observed 

him ; " ho ! hold on, you rascal I share and share 
alike, you know. Here, fetch it here 1 " 

Cuffy had learned the first great principle of a 
good and useful life — whether of man or beast 
namely, prompt obedience. That meek but jovial 
little dog, on receiving this order, restrained its 
appetite, lifted the fish in its longing jaws, and, 

carrying it to his master, humbly laid it at his 
feet. He was rewarded with a hearty pat on the 
head, and a full half of the coveted fish — for 
Jarwin api)eared to regard the " share and-share- 


alike" principle ag a point of honour between 

The fish was not good, neither was it large, and 

of course it was raw, besides being somewhat 
decayed ; nevertheless, both man and dog ate 
bones and all, with quiet satisfaction. Nay, 
reader, do not shudder ! If you were reduced to 
similar straits, you would certainly enjoy, with 
equal gusto, a similar meal, supposing that you 
had the good fortune to get it Small though it 
was, it sufficed to appease the appetite of the two 
friends, and to give them a feeling of strength 
which they had not experienced for many a 

Under the influence of this feeling. Jar win 
remarked to Cuffy, that " a man could eat a-most 
anything when hard put to it," and that ** it wo» 

now high time to think about goin' ashore." 

To which Cuffy replied with a bark, which one 

might imagine should come from a dog in the last 
stage of hooping-cough, and with a wag of his tail 
not merely at the root thereof, but a distinct 
wag — that extended obviously along its entire 


length to the extreme point. Jar win observe J 

the successful efifort, laughed feebly, and said, 
* Brayvo, Cuffy/' with evident delight ; for it re- 
minded him of the days when that little shred of 
a door-mat, in the might of ita vigour, was wont 
to wag its tail so violently as to convulse its 

whole body, insomuch that it was difficult to 

decide whether the tail wagged the body, or the 

y the tail ! 

But, although Jarwin made light of his suffer- 
ings, his gaimt, wasted frame would have been a 
sad sight to any pitiful spectator, as with weary 
aai)ect and unsteady gait he moved about on the 
sandy ridge in search of more food, or gazed with 
longing eyes on the richly -wooded island. 

For it must be remembered that our castaway 
had not landed on the island itself, but on that 
narrow ring of coral-reef which almost encircled 

and from which it was separated by the lagoon, 

or enclosed portion of the sea, which was, as we 
have said, about a quarter of a mile wida 

John Jarwjn would have thought little of swim- 
mi zig over that u arrow belt of 8iii'>jLli water in 


ordinary circumstances, but now he felt that hia 

strength was not equal to such a feat Moreover, 

he knew that there were sharks in these waters, 

so he disnaissed the idea of swimming, and cast 
about in his mind how he should manage to 

get serosa With Jarwin, action soon followed 
thought. He resolved to form a small raft out of 
portions of the large one. Fortunately his clasp- 
knife had been attached, as seamen frequently 

have it, to his waist-belt, when he forsook his 
ship. This was the only implement that he 

possessed, but it was invaluabla With it he 
managed to cut the thick ropes that he could not 
have untied, and, in the course of two hours 
for he laboured with extreme difficulty — a few 
broken planks and spars were lashed together. 
Embarking on this frail vessel with his dog, he 
pushed off, and using a piece of plank for an oar, 
iculled himself over the lagoon. 

It was touching, even to himself, to observe the 
slowness of his progress. All the strength that 
remained in him was barely sufficient to move 
the raft. But the lagoon was as still as a mill- 


pond. Looking down into its clear depiha, he 
could see the rich gardens of coral and sea- weed, 
among which fish, of varied and brilliant colours, 
sported many fathoms below. The air, too, was 
perfectly calm. 

Very slowly he left the reef astern ; the middle 
of the lagoon was gained ; then, gradually, he 

neared the island-shore, but oh ! it was a long, 
weary pull, although the space was so short, and, 
to add to the poor man's misery, the fish which 
he had eaten caused him intolerable thirst. But 
he reached the shore at last. 

The first thing that greeted his ©ye as he 
landed was the sparkle of a clear spring at the 
foot of some cocoanut-trees. He staggered eagerly 
towards it, and fell down beside a hollow in the 
rock, like a large cup or bowl, which had been 
scooped out by it. 

Who shall presume to describe the feelings 
that shipwrecked sailor as he and his dog drank 
from the same cup at that sparkling crystal foun- 
tain ? Delicious odours of lime and citron trees, 
and woU-nigh forgotten herbage, filled his nostrils, 

ID /AR^iN AND curry 

and the twitter of birds thrilled his ears, seeming 
fto bid him welcome to the land, as he sank down 
en the soft grass, and raised his eyes in thanks- 
giving to heavea An irresistible tendency to 
Bleep then seized him. 

" If there 's a heaven upon earth, I 'm in it now/* 
he murmured, as he laid down his head and closed 

im eyes. 

Cuffy, nestling into his breast, placed his chin 
out his neck, and heaved a deep, contented sigh. 
This was the last sound the sailor recognised, as 
he sank into profound repowr. 



There are few of the minor sweets of Kfe more 
agreeable than to awake refreshed, and to become 
gradually impressed with the conviction that yon 
are a perfectly free agent, — that yon may rise 
when you choose, or lie still if yon please, or do 
what you like, without let or hindrance. 
So thought our hero, John Jai^win, when he 
oke, on the same spot where he had thrown 
himself down, after several hours of life-giving 
slumber. He was still weak, but his wcakneea 
did not now oppress him. The slight meal, the 
long dra\ight, and the deep sleep, had restored 
enough of vigour to his naturally robust frame to 
enable him, while lying on his back, to enjoy his 
existence once more. He was, on iirst awaking, 
in that happy condition of niind and body in 
which the former does not caie to think and the 


latter does not wish to moye — yet both are pleased 
to be largely conscious of their own identity. 

That he had not moved an inch since he lay 
down, became somewhat apparent to Jarwin from 
the fact that Cufify's chin still rested immovable 
on his neck, but his mind was too indolent to 
pursue the thought. He had not the most remote 

idea as to where he was, but he cared nothing for 
that. He was in absolute ignorance of the time 
of day, but he cared, if possible, still less for that 
Food, he knew, was necessary to his existence, 
but the thought gave him no anxiety. In short, 
John and his dog were in a state of quiescent 
felicity, and would probably have remained so 
for some hours to come, had not the setting sun 
shone forth at that moment with a farewell gleam 
so intense, that it appeared to set the world 
clouds overhead on fire, converting them into hills 
and dales, and towering domes and walls and 
battlements of molten glass and gold. Even to 
the wearied seaman*s sleepy vision the splendour 
of the scene became so fascinating, that he shook 
off hia lethargy, and raised himself on one elbow. 



Why, Cufify I" he exclaimed, to tne yawning 
dog, " seems to me that the heavens is a-fire I 
Hope it won t come on dirty weather before you 
an* I get up somethin' in the shape o' a hut. That 

minds me, doggie," he added, glancing slowly 

round him, "that we must look after prokoorin' 

of our supper. I do believe we Ve bin an' siep' 

away a whole day ! Well, well, it don^t much 
matter, seen' that we hain't got no dooty for to do, 

no trick at the wheel, no greasin' the masts 
wust of aU, no splicin' the main brace, and no 

This latter remark appeared to reach the under- 
standing of the dog, for it uttered a melancholy 
howl as it gazed into its master*s eyes. 

"Ah, Cufiyr' continued the sailor with a sigh, 
" you 've good reason to yowl, for the half of a 
rotten fish ain't enough for a dog o' your appetite. 
Come, let 's see if we can't find somethin' more to 

our tastes. 


Saying this the man rose, stretched himself, 
yawned, looked helplessly round for a few seconds, 
and then, with a cheery " Hallo 1 Cuff, come aJon^. 

24 JAKWIN Al^D CVtrY. 

my hearty," went down to the beach in quest of 


In thifl search he was not unsuccesBful, for the 
beach abounded with shell-fish of various kinds ; 
but Jarwin ate sparingly of these, having been 
impressed, in former years, by some stories which 
he had heard of shipwrecked sailors having been 
poisoned by shell -fish. For the same reason he 
administered a moderate supply to Cuffy, telling 
him that " it warn't safe wittles, an* that if they 
was to be pisoned, it was as well to be pisoned in 
moderation/' The dog, however, did not appear 
to agree with its master on this point, for it went 
picking up little tit-bits here and there, and self- 
ishly ignoring the "share-and-share-alike" com- 
pact, until it became stuffed alarmingly, and could 
scarcely follow its master back to the fountain. 

Arrived there, the two slaked their thirst to- 
gether, and then Jarwin sat down to enjoy a pipe, 
and Cuffy lay down to suffer the well-merited 
reward of gluttony. 

We have said that Jarwin sat down to enjoy a 

pipe, but he did not enjoy it that nigiit, for hit 

TST.ANn T.irK. 


discovered that the much-loved little implement^ 
hich he had cherished tenderly while on the 
raft, was broken to atoms in his coat-pocket ! In 
his eagerness to drink on first landing, he had 
thrown himself down on it, and now smoking 
was an impossibility, at least for that nighi. He 

reflected, however, that it would not be difficidt to 

make a wooden pipe, and that cigarett^ might per- 
haps be made by means of leaves, or bark, while 
his tobacco lasted ; so he consoled himself in the 
meantime with hopeful anticipations, and a quid. 
Being still weak and weaiy, he lay down again 
beside the fountain, and almost immediately fell 
into a sleep, which was not at all disturbed by 

the starts and groans and frequent yelps of Cuffy, 

whose sufferings could scarcely have been mora 
severe if he had supped on turtle-soup and venison, 
washed down with port and claret. 

Thus did those castaways spend the first night 
on their island. 

It must not be supposed, however, that we ara 
going to trace thus minutely every step and sen- 
sation in the career of our unfortunate inenxds. 


We have voo much to tell that is important to 
devote our ** valuable space' to everyday inci- 
dents. Nevertheless, as it is important that our 
readers should understand our hero thoroughly, 

and the circumstances in which we find him, it is 

necessary that we should draw attention to some 

incidents — trifling in themselves, but important 
in their efifects — which occurred to John Jarwin 
soon after his landing on the island. 

The first of these incidents was, that John one 
day slipped his foot on a tangle-covered rock, and 
fell into the sea. A small matter this, you will 
say, to a man who could swim, and in a climate 
so warm that a dip, with or without clothes, was 
a positive luxury. Most true ; and had the wet- 
ting been all, Jarwin would have had nothing to 
annoy him ; for at the time the accident occurred 
he had been a week on the island, had managed 
to pull and crack many cocoa-nuts, and had found 
various excellent wild-fruits, so that his strength, 
as well as Cuffy's, had been much restored. In 

fact, when Jarwin*s head emerged from the brine, 

after his tumble, he "ave vent to a shout of 

istiAKD uiri:. 2? 

laughter, and oontinued to indulge in hilarious 
demonstrations all the time he was wringing the 
water out of his gannents, while the terrier barked 
wildly round hiin. 

But suddenly, in the very midst of a laugh, he 
became grave and pale, — so pale, that a more 
obtuse creature than Cufly might have deemed 
him ilL While his mouth and eyes slowly opened 
wider and wider, his hands slapped his pockets, 
first iu3 trousers, then his vest, then his coat, after 
which they fell like pi.stol-sbots on his thighs, 
and he exclaimed, in a voice of horror — *' Gone I'* 

Ay, there could be no doubt about it ; every 
particle of his tobacco wats gone 1 It had never 
been much, only three or four plugs ; but it was 
strong, and he had calculated that, what with 

careful husbanding, and mixing it with other 
herbs, it would last him for a considerable length 

of time. 

In a state bordering on frenzy, the sailor rushed 

bark to the rock from which he had fallen. The 

* baccy " was not there. He glanced right and 

left — no sign of it floating on the sea. In he 



went, head foremost, like a determined suicide; 
down, down to tlie bt)ttom, for he was an expert 
diver, and rioted among the coral groves, and hor- 
lified the fish, nntil he well-nigh burst, and rose 
to the surface with a groan and splutter that might 
have roused envy in a porpoise. Then down he 
went again, while Cuffy stood on tlie shore regard- 
ing him with mute amazement. 

Never did pearl-diver grope for the treasures of 

the deep with 

intensity than did John 

Jarwin search for that lost tobacco. He remained 
under water until he became purple in the face, 
and, coming to the surface after each dive, stayed 
only long enough to recharge his lungs with air. 
How deeply he regretted at that time the fact 
that man's life depended on so frequent and 
regular a supply of atmospheric air I How en- 
viously he glanced at the fish which, with open 
eyes and mouths, appeared U> regard him with 
inexpressible astotiivshment — as well they might! 
At last Jarwin's powers of endurance began to 
give way, and he was compelled to return to the 
shore, to the great i^elief of Cuffy, which miserable 


dog. if it had possessed the smallest amount of 
reasoning power, must have deemed its mastei 
hopelessly insane, 

*' But why so much ado about a piece of 
tobacco?" we hear some lady-reader or non- 
smoker exclaim. 

Just because our hero was, and had been since 
his childhood, an inveterate smoker. Of course 
we cannot prove our opinion to be correct, but we 
are inclined to believe that if all the smoke that 
had issued from Jarwin's lips, from the period of 
his commencing down to that terrible day when 
be lost Ills last plug, could have been collected in 
one vast cloud, it would have been sufiicient to 
have kept a factory chimney going for a month or 
six weeks. The poor man knew his weakness. 
He had several times tried to get rid of the habit 
which had enslaved him, and, by failing, had come 
to know the tyrannical power of his master. He 
had once been compelled by circumstances to 
forego his favourite indulgence for three entire 
days, and retained so vivid a recollection of hi« 
sufferings that he made up his mind never more 


to strive for freedoBi, but to enjoy his pipe as long 
as he lived — t/O swim with the current, in fact, 
and take it easy. It was of no use that several 
men, who objected to smoking from principle, 
and had themselves gone through the struggle 
and come off victorious, pointed out that if he 
went on at his present rate, it would cut short his 
life, Jarwin didn*t believe that He felt well 
and hearty, and said that he " was too tough, by a 

long way, to be floored by baccy ; besides, if his 
life was to be short, he saw no reason why it 
should not be a pleasant one/' It was vain foi 
these disagreeable men of principle to urge that 
when his health b^an to give way he would not 
find life very pleasant, and then " baccy '* would 
fail to relieve him. Stuff and nonsense! Did 
not Jarwin know that hundreds of thousands of 
old men enjoyed their pipes to the very last. He 
also knew that a great many men had filled early 

graves owing to tlie use of tobacco, but he chose 
to shut hia eyes to this i\iel — moreover, although 
a great truth, it was a difficult truth to prova 
It was of stUl less use that those tiresome men 

I8ULND LiriC. 31 

of principle demoustrated that the money spent 

in tobacco would, if accumulated, form a snug 
little fortune to retire upon in his old aga John 
only laughed at this. " Wot did he want with a 
fortin in his old age^** he would say ; ** he would 
rather work to the last for his three B's — his 
bread and beer and baccy — an' die in harness. 

man couldn't get on like a man without them 
three B*8, and he wosn't goin' for to deprive hisself 
of none of *em, not he; besides, his opponents 
were bad argifiers," he was wont to say, with a 
chuckle, '' for if, as they said, baccy would be the 
means of cuttin' his life short, why then, he 
wouldn't never come to old age to use his fortin. 

even if he should manage to oave it off his 


This last argument always bn>n^4it Jarwin off 
with flying colours — no wonder, for it was un- 
answerable ; and thus he came to love his beer 

and baocy so much that he became thoroughly 
enslaved to both. 

His brief residence on the south-sea island had 

taught him, by painful experience, that he «w« 


capable of existing without at least two of his 

three B's — bread and beer, lie had suffered 

somewhat from the change of diet ; and now that 

his third B was thus suddenly, unexpectedly, and 

hopelessly wrenched from him, he sat himself 

down on the beach beside Cuffy, and gazed out to 
se** in absolute despair. 

We must guard the reader at this point from 
supposing that John Jar win had ever been what 
is called an inttMiiperate man. He was one 

those honest, stiaight forward tars who do theii 
duty like men, and who, although extremely fond 
of their pipe and their glass of grog, never lowet 
themselves below the level of the brutes by getting 
drunk. At the same time, we feel constrained to 
add that Jarwin acted entirely from impulse and 
kindly feeling. He had little to do with principle, 
and did not draw towards those who professed to 
be thus guided. He was wont to say that they 
" was troublesome fellers, always shovin' in their 
oars when they weren't wanted to, an' settin* 
themselves up for better than everybody elsa" 
Had one of those troublesome fellows presented 



John tlarwin with a pound of tobaooo in his for- 
lorn circumstances, at that time he would probably 
have slapped him on the shoulder, and called him 
one of the best fellows under the sun ! 

** Cuffy, my friend/' exclaimed Jarwin at last, 
with an explosive sigh, " ail the baccy 's gone, so 

we 'U have to smoke sea- weed for the futur\" The 
terrier said " Bow-ow " to this, cocked its ears, 
and looked earnest, as if waiting for more. 

** Come along/' exclaimed the man, overturning 
his dog as he leaped up, ''we'll go liome and 
have summat to eat." 

Jarwin had erected a rude hut, composed of 
boughs and turf, near the fountain where he had 
first landed. It was the home to which he re- 
ferred. At first he had devoted himself entirely 
to the erection of this shelter, and to collecting 
various roots and fruits and shell -fish for food, 

intending to delay the examination of the island 
until his strength should be sufficiently restored 

to enable him to scale the heights witliout more 
than ordinary fatigue. He had been so far re- 
cruited as to have fixed for his expedition the day 

Si JAUWiN ANn rrrFY. 

following that on which he sustained his irrepar- 
Mi' loss. 

KnteriiifT his hut he proceeded to kindle a fire 

by means of a small burning-glass, with which, in 
happier times, he had been wont to light his pipe. 
Very soon ho had several roots, resembling small 
potatoes, baking in the hot ashes. With these, a 
handful of phims, a dozen of oyster- like fish, 
wlndi thorc were plenty on the nhore, and a 
dran^lil oi clear cold water, he Ti^nde a hearty 
repast, Cufly coming in for a large sliare of it, as a 
matter of course. Then he turned all his pockets 
inside out, and examined them as carefully as if 
diamonds lurked in the setims. No, not a speck 
of tobacco was to be found ! Ho smelt them. 

The odour was undoubtedly strong — very strong. 
On the strengtli of it he shut his eyes, and en- 
deavoured to think that he was smoking ; but it 
was a weak substitute for the pipe, and not at all 
satisfying. Therealter he sidlied forth and wan- 
dered about the sea-shore in a miserable condition. 

and went to bed that night — as )u'> nonarked to 
his dog — in the blues. 


li^iadfT, it is not possible to give you an ade- 
quat;e conception of the sensations and sufferings 
of John Janv'in on that first night of liia bereaved 
condition. He dreamed continuously of tobacco. 
Now he was pacing the deck of his old ship with 
a splendid pipe of cut Cavendish between his lipa 
Anon he was smoking a meerschaum the size of a 
hogshead, with a stem equal to the length and 
thickness of the maintopmaat of a seventy-four ; 
but somehow the meerschaum wouldn't draw, 
whereupon John, in a passion, pronounced 
worthy of its name, and hove it overboard, when 
it was instantly transformed into a shark with a 
cutty pipe in its moutk To console himself, our 
hero endeavoured to thrust into his mouth a qiiid 

of ncgroiif\a<i, which, however, 8udd(^nly grew as 
big as the cabni-sky light, and became as tough as 
gutta-percha, so that it was utterly impossible to 
bite off a piece ; and, straugor still, when the poor 

sailor had by struggling got it in, it dwindled 
down into a point so sua all that he could not feel 
in his mouth at all. On reaching this, the 

vanibhing-point, Jarwiii awoke to a consciotis- 


ness of the dread reality of his destitute condition 
Turning- on his other side with a deep groan, hr 
fell asleep again, to dream ot tobacco in some 

new and tantalising form until sunrise, when he 
awoke unrefreshed. Leaping up, he cast off his 
clothes, rushed down the beach, and plunged into 

sea, by way of relieving his feelings. 

During the day John Jar win brooded much 
over his dreams, for his mind was of a rellectivo 
turn, and (Juffy looked often inquiringly into his 
face. That sympathetic doggie would evidently 
have besought him to pour his sorrows into his 

cocked ears if he could have spoken ; but — alaa 1 
for people who are cast away on desert island 
the gift of speech has been denied to dogs. 

Besides being moody, Jarwin was unco' amonly 
taciturn that day. He did not tell Cuffy the 
result of his cogitations, so that we cannot say 
anything further about them. All that we ar« 
certainly sure of is, that he was profoundly miser- 
able that day — that he postponed his int^nde^ 

expedition to the top of the neighbouring hiU 
that he walked about the beach slowly, with his 


chin on his breast and his hands in his pockets 

that he made various unsuccessful attempts to 
smoke dried leaves, and bark, and wild-flowers, 
mixing with those substances shreds of his 
trousers' pockets, in order that they might have 
at least the flavour of tobacco — that he became 
more and more restive as the day wore on, became 
more submissive in the evening, paid a few apolo- 
getic attentions to Cuffy at supper-time, and, 
finally, went to bed in a better frame of mind, 
though still craving painfully for the weed which 
bad enslaved him. That night his dreams were 
still of tobacco ! No lover was ever assailed more 
violently with dreams of his absent mistress than 
was John Jarwin with longings for his adorable 
pipe. But there was no hope for him — the beloved 
one was effectually and permanently gone ; so, like 
a sensible man, he awoke next morning with a 
stern resolve to submit to his fate with a good 

In pursuance of this resolution he began the 
day with a cold bath, in which CuflTy joined him, 
Tluni he breakfasted on chestnuts, plums, citrons 

38 jMiwrN A.h-'v ruFrrr. 

oysters, and shrimps, the former of which abounded 
in the woods, the latter on the shora Jarwin 
caught the shrimps in a net, extemporised out of 
his pocket-handkerchief. While engaged with 

his morning meal, he was earnestly watched 
several green paroquets with blue heads and 

crimson breasts ; and during pauses in the uieal 

he observed flocks of brightly-coloured doves and 
wood-pigoons, besides many other kinds of birds, 
the names of which he did not know, as well as 
water-hens, plover, and wUd ducks, 

" Lost your appetite this morning, CufiF ? " said 
Jarwin, oflfering his companion a citron, which he 
decidedly refused " Ah I " he continued, patting 

the dog's sides, ** I see how it is ; you 've had 
breakfast already this morning ; bin at it when 
was a-sleepin\ For shame, Cuffy I — you should 
have waited for me ; an' you 've bin an' over-ate 
yourself again, you grecidy dog/' 

Tills waB evidently the case The guilty crear 
ture, forgetful of its past experiences, had again 
gorged itself with dead fish , which it had found on 
the l)each, and looke<l miner^hl^ 

(fca^AND lAWK 


" Well, never mind, doggie," said Jarwin, finish- 
ing his meal, and rising. * ' 1 11 give you a little 
exercise to-day for the good of your health. We 
shan't go sulking as we did yesterday ; so, come 
along. " 

The sailor left his bower as he spoke, and set 
off at a round pace with his hands in his pockets, 
and a thick stick under his arm, whistling as he 
went, while Cuffy followed lovingly at his heels. 



It would appear to be almost an essential element 
in life that man should indulge in speech. Of 
course we cannot prove this, seeing that we have 
never been cast alone on a desert island (although 
we have been next thing to it), and cannot posi- 
tively conclude what would have been the con- 

sequences to our castaway if he had rigidly 
refrained from speech. All that we can ground 
an opinion on is the fact that John Jar win talked 
as much and as earnestly to his dog as if he knew 
that that sagacious creature understood every 
word he uttered. Indeed, he got into such a 

habit of doing this, that it is very probable he 
might have come to believe that Cuffy really did 
understand, though he was not gifted with the 
power to reply. If it be true that Jarwin came 


to this state of credulity, certain it is that Cuflfy 
was deeply to blame in the matter, because the 
way in which that ridiculous hypocrite sat before 
his master, and looked up in his face with his 
lustrous, intelligent eyes, and cocked his ears, and 
wagged his tail, and smiled, might have deceived 

a much less superstitious man than a British tar. 

We have said that Cuffy smiled, advisedly. 
So-'Jiie people might object to the word, and say 

*Jiat he only " snickered/* or made faces. That, 

we hold, is a controvertible question, Cuffy's 
facial contortions looked like smiling. They came 
very often inappropriately, and during parts of 
Jar win's discourse when no smile should have 
been called forth ; but if that be sufficient to prove 
that Cuffy was not smiling, then, on the same 

ground, we hold that a large proportion of those 
ebullitions which convulse the human counten- 
ance are not smiles but unmeaning grins. Be 
tliis SB it may, Cuffy smiled, snickered, or grinned 
amazmgly, during the long discourses that were 
delivered to him by his master, and indeed looked 
so wonderfully human in his knowingness, that 

42 JAaWiN Ai.It t nKFV 

only roqiiired a speaking ioii^me and a shaved 
face to constitute him an unanswerable proof of 

the truth ot the Darwinian theory of the origin of 
the human speciea. 

" Cuffy," said Jarwin, panting, as he reached 
the summit of his island, and sat down on its 
pinnacle rock, " that's a splendid view, ain't it ?" 

To any one save a cynic or a misanthrojie, Cuily 
re]»licd with eycanii tail, '* It is magniiicont.'* 

** But you're not looking at it," objected ./arwin, 
** you 're looking Htiaij^lit up in my fa<;e ; 8t> ))ow 
ean you tell what it 'b like, doggie V 

" I see it all," niplied Cuffy with a grin ; " all 
reflected in the depths of your two loving eyes." 

Of course Jarwin lost this pretty speech in 
consequence of its being a mutt' reply, but h.* ap- 
peared to have some intuitive ptav-eption of it, 
for he stooped down and patted the dog*8 head 
affection ately. 

After this there was a prolonged silence, during 
which the sailor gazed wistfully round tlie horizonu 
Tlie scene was indeed one of surpassing beauty 
and grandeur. The island on which he had been 

COMMimiNGH OF Ma... AM» BKABT. 43 

cast was one of those small coral gems which deck 
the breast of the Pacific. It could i)ot have been 

more than nine or ten miles in ciroumference, yet 
wiLhin this area there lay a miniature world. 
The mountain-top on which the seanian sat was 
probably eight or nine hundretl feet above the 
level of the sea, and commanded a view of the 
whole island. On one side lay three leaser hills, 
covered to their summits with indescribably rich 
verdure, amongst which rose conspicuous the tall 
stems and gitwieful foliage of many cocoanut- 
palms. Fruit-trees of various kinds gliH(,eTied in 
the STmshine, and iiowering shrul)s iu abundance 
lent additional splendour to the sc^ue. On the 
other side of the mountain a sraal] lake iqlittered 
like a jewel among the trees ; and there numerous 
flocks of wild-fowl disported thi U)Belvf,^s ii> peace- 
ful security. From the farther estr*'mity of the 
lake flowed a rivuJet, which, fixim the uioimtain- 
top, resembled a silver thread wimimg its way 
through miniature valleys, until lost in the light 
yellow sand of the sea-shore. On thk WMA!h there 
«ras not even a ripple, because of the deep calm 


which prevailed ; but on the ring or coral-reef, 
which completely encircled the island, those great 
" rollers " — which appear never to go down even 
in calm — fell from time to time with a long, 
solemn roar, and left an outer ring of milk-white 
foam. The blue lagoon between the reef and the 
island varied from a few yards to a quarter of a 
mile in breadth, and its quiet waters were like a 
sheet of glass, save where they were ruffled now 
and then by the diving of a sea-gxdl or the fin of 
a shark. Birds of many kinds filled the grovea 
with sweet sounds, and tended largely to dispel 
that feeling of intense loneliness which had been 
creeping that day over our seaman's spirit, 

*' Come, my doggie," said Jarwin, patting bis 

dumb companion's head, "if you and I are to 
dwell here for long, we 've got a most splendid 

estate to look after. I only hope we won't find 
South Sea niggers in possession before us, for 
they*re not hospitable, CufiPy, they ain't hospitable, 
bein* given, so I 'm told, to prefer human flesh to 
most other kinds o' wittles," 

He looked anxiously round in all directioni^ M 


this point, as if the ideas suggested by his words 

wore not particularly agreeable. 

" No/' he resumeti, after a short survey, ** it 
don't seem as if there was any of 'em here. Any- 
how I can't see none, and most parts of the island 
are visible from this here mast-head." 

Again the seaman became silent as he repeated 
his survey of the island ; his hands, meanwhile, 

searching slowly, as if by instinct, round his 
pockets, and into their most minute recesses, if 
haply they might lind an atom of tobacco. Both 
hands and eyes, however, failed in their search; 
60, turning once more towards his dog, Jarwin sat 
down and addressed it thus : 

** Cuff, my doggie, don't wink in that idiotical 
way, you hanimated bundle of oakum ! and don't 
wag yer tail so hard, else you *11 shake it off some 
fine day ! Well, Cuff, here you an' I are fixed 

it may be for years, an' it may be for ever ' — as 

the old song says ; so it behoves you and me to 
hold a consultation as to wot's the best to be done 
for to make the most of our sukumstances. Ah, 
doggie 1" he continued in a low tone, looking peiv. 


lively towards th« horizou, •* lt*8 Kttle that my 
dear wife (your luisaus and luiue, Cuff) kuows 
that her John has fallen h eir to sitch an estate ; 
become, so to speak, * monarch of all he surveys/ 

Molly, Molly, if you was only here, wot a 
paradise it would he ! Eden over again ; Adam 

an' Eve, witliout a'most no difference, barrin' the 
clo'se, by the way, for if I ain't mistaken, Adam 
didn't wear a straw hat and a blue jacket, with 
pumps and canvas ducks. Leastwise, I Ve never 
heard that he did ; an' 1 'm quite sure that Eve 
Iidn't go to church on Sundays in a gown wf 
sleeves like two legs o' mutton, an' a bonnet like 
a coal-scuttle. By the way, I don't think they 

owned a doggie neither." 

At this point the terrier, who had gradually 
quieted down during the above soliloquy, gave a 
responsive wag of its tail, and looked up with a 
smile — a plain, obvious, unquestionable smile 
which its master believed in most thoroughly 

•* Ah, you needn't grin like that, Guff," replied 
iTarwin, " it 's quite certain that Adam and Eve 



had no doggie. No doubt they had plenty of wild 
'uns — them as they giv'd names to — but they 
hadn't a good little tame 'un like you, Cuff; no, 
nor nobody else, for you're the best dog in the 

world — if you'd only keep yer spanker-boom 
quiet ; but you^l shake it off, you will, if you go 
on like that There, lie down, an' let 's get, on 

with our consultation. Well, as I was sayin' 
when you interrupted me, wot a happy life we 
could live here if we 'd only got tlie old girl with 

as ! I *d be king, you ktiow, Cutf^ and she 'd be 
queen, and we'd make you piime minister — you're 

prime favourite already, you know. Tliere now, 
if you don't clap a stopper on that ere spanker- 

boom, I'll have to lash it down. Well, to pro- 
ceed : we'd build a hut — or a pala'^c— of turf an' 
sticks, with a bunk alongside for you; an' w'en 
our clo*se begnu for to wear vut, we 'd make pants 
and jackets and petticoats of cocoanut-fibre; for 
you must know I Ve often seeVl mats made o' tliat 
stuff, an' splendid wear there's in it too, though it 
would be rather ix>u;.^h for the skin at tirst ; but 
we'd get used to that in oot^isti o' time. Only 


fancy Mrs Jarwin iu a cocoanut-fibre petticoat 

with a palm -leaf hat, or somethink o* that sort! 
An', after all, it wouldn't be half so rediklous as 
some o' the canvas she's used to spread on 

Jarwin evidently thou^^ht his ideas somewhat 
ridiculous, for he paused at this point and 
chuckled, while Cuffy sprang up and barked re- 

While they were thus engaged, a gleam of white 
appeared on the horizon, 

'* Sail ho r* shouted the sailor in the loud, full 
tones with which he was wont to announce such 
an appearance from the mast-head in days gone 


Oh, how earnestly he strained his eyes in the 

direction of that little speck ! It might have been 
a sail ; just as likely it was the wing of a sea-gull 

or an albatross. Whatever it was, it grew gradu- 

ally less until it sank out of view on the distant 

horizon. With it sank poor Jar win's newly- raised 
hopes. Still he coutinutid to gaze intently, in the 
hope that it might reappear ; but it did not With 


A heavy sigb the aailor xoiie at length, wakened 

Cuffy, who had gone, to sleep, and descended the 

This look-out on the summit of the island now 
became the regular place of resort for Jarwin and 
his dumb, but invaluable companion. And so 
absorbed did the castaway become, in his contem- 
plation of the horizon, and in his expectation of 
the heaving in sight of another sail, that he soon 
came to spend most of his time there. He barely 
gave himself time to cook and eat his break- 
fast before setting out for the spot, and fre- 
quently he remained there the livelong day, hav- 
ing carried up enough of provision to satisfy his 
hun<ic^ I'. 

At firsts while there, he employed himself in 
the erection of a rude flag-staff, and thus kept 
himself busy and reasonably cheerful. He cut 
the pole with some difficulty, his clasp-knife being 
but a poor substitute for an axe ; then he bored a 
hole at the top to reave the halliards through. 
These latter he easily made by plaiting together 
threads of cocoanut-libj-e. which were both touerh 


ind long. "Wliwn n ady, he set up and fixed the 
staff, and hoisted thereon S4iver(il huge leaves of 

the palm-tree, which, in their natui^ size and 
shape, formed excellent flags. 

When, however, all this was done, he was reduced 
to a state of idleness, and his mind began to dwell 
morbidly on the idea of being left to Hpcnd the 
rest of his days on tlie island. His couverse with 
Cufty became so sad that the spirits of that sagar- 
cious and sympathetic doi^ were visibly affected. 
He did, indeed, continue to lick his master's liaiid 
lovingly, and to creep close to his side on all 
occasions ; but he ceased to wag his expressive 
tail with the violence that used to characterise 
that appendage in other days, and became less 
demonstrative in his conduct All this, couphid 
with constant exposure in all sorts of weatluir 

although Jarwin was not easily afiected by a 

breeze or a wet jacket — began at last to und(T- 
mine the health of the stout seaman. He b(icame 
somewhat gaunt and hollow-cheeked, and his 
beard aiul niou-^tache, which of course he could 
not shave, and wiiich. for a long time, presented 


the appearance of Btubble, added to the lugubriosity 
of his aspect 

As a climax to hia distress, he one day lost his 
dog ! When it went oflF^ or where it went to, he 
could not tell, but, on rousing up one morning 
and putting out his hand almost mechanically to 
give it the accustomed pat of salutation, he fouud 
that it was gone. 

A thvU] of alnim passeii through his frame on 
making this discoveiy, and, leaping up, he began to 
shout its name. But no answering bark was heard. 
Again and again he shouLed, hut in vain. Without 
taking time to put on lus coat, he ran to the top 
of the nearest eminence, and again shouted loud 
and long. Still no answer. 

A feeling of desperate anxiety now t-ook posses- 
sion of the man. The bare idea of being l(»ft in utter 
loneliness drove him almost distracted. For Home 
time he ran hither and thither, calling passionately 
to his dog, until he became quite exhausted ; then 
he sat down on a rock, and endeavoured to calm 
his spirit and consider what he should do, In- 
'lulcrin*^ in h^s t^aidency to think aloud, ht^ mv\ 



" Come now, John, don't go for to make a 
down light fool of vers elf. CufFy has only taken a 
longei' v/alk than usual. He'll he home to hreak- 
fast ; but you may as well look a hit Ion 
there 's no say in' wot may have happoui^ii. He 

may have felled over a procepiece or sprain'd his 
leg. Don't you give way to despair anyhow, 

John Jarwin, but nail yer colours to the mast, and 
never say die." 

Somewhat calmed by these encouraging exhor- 
tations, the sailor rose up and resumed his search 
in a more methodical way. Going down to the 
sea, he walked thence up to the edge of the bush, 
gazing with the utmost intensity at the ground all 
the way, in the hope of discovering Cuffy's fresh 
footsteps ; but none were to be seen. 

*' Come," said he, ** it 's clear that you haven't 
gone to the s*uth'ard o' yer home ; now, we '11 have 
a look to the nor'ard/' 

Here he was more successfuL The prints of 
Cuffy's small paws were discovered on the wet 
sand bearing northward along shora Jarwin fol- 
lowed them up eafierly, but, coming to a place 


where the sand was hard and dry, and covered 
with thin jjjrass, he lost them. Turning back to 
where they were distinct, he recommenced the 
search. No red Indian, in pursuit of friend or 
foe, ever followed up a trail with more intense 
eagerness than poor Jar win followed the track 
of his lost companion. He even began to 
develop, in quite a surprising way, some of the 
deep sagacity of the savage ; for he came, before 
that day was over, not only to distinguish the 
prints of CufFy's paws on pretty hard sand, where 
the impressions were veiy faint, but even on rough 
ground, where there were no distinct marks at all 
only such indications as were afforded by the 

pressure of a dead leaf into soft ground, or the 
breaking of a fallen twig ! 

Nevertheless, despite his care, anxiety, and 
dili^^ence, Jarwin failed to find his dog. He 
roamed all that day until his limbs were weary, 
and shouted till his voice was hoarse, but only 
echoes answered him. At last he sat down, over- 
come with fatigue and grief. 

It had rained heavily during the latter part o^ 

54 ;rARWiK and cufft. 

the day and Boaked him to the skin, but he heeded 
it not. Towards erening the weather cleared up 
ti little, but the aun descended to the horizon in a 

mass of black clouds, which were gilded with 
strange lurid light that presaged a storm ; while 
sea-birds flew overhead and shrieked in wild ex- 
citement, as if they were alarmed at the prospect 

before them. But Jarwin observed and cared lor 
none of these things. He buried his face in his 
hands, and sat for some time perfectly motionless. 
While seated thus, a cold shiver passed through 
his frame once or twice, and he felt unusually 

Humph!" said he, the second time this 


occurred, " strange sort o' feelin*. Never felt it 

before. No doubt it's in consikince o* goin' 
without wittles all day. Well, well," he added, 
with a de(^p long-dmwn ^ /;;h, " who *d have thought 
I *d lose 'ee, Guff, in this fashion. It 's foolish, no 

doubt, to take on like this, but I can*t help it 

-ijomehow. I don't believe I could feel much 

worse if I had lost my old *ooman. It's kurious 
but 1 fef'^ls awful lonejBome witliout 'ee. my doggie.' 


He was interrupted by the shiv<^jhig ogain, and 
was about to rise, when a Ion*; low wail stiuoK on 
his ear. He listened intentJy. No statue ever 
sat more motionless on its pedestal than did Jar- 
win during the next three minutes. 

Again the waD roae, faint and low at first, ther» 
swelling out into a prolonged loud cry, which, 

strange to say, seemed to be both distant auti 


John Jarwin was not altogether free from super- 
stition. His heart beat hard under the influence 
of a mingled feeling of hope and fear ; but when 
he heard the cry the third time, he dismissed his 
fears, and, leaping up, hurried forward in the 
direction whence the sound appeared to come. 
The bushes were thick and difficult to penetrate, 
but he persevered on hearing a repetition of the 
wail, and was thus led into a part of the island 
which he had not formerly visited. 

Presently he came to something that appeared 
not unlike an old track; but, although the sun 
had not quite set, the place was so shut in by 
tanc^led bushes and trees ihat he could see nothing 

S6 JARWIM AjiD ourrr. 

listinctly. Suddenly he put his right foot on a 
mass of twigs, which gave way under his weight, 
and he made a frantic effort to recover himself. 
Next moment, he fell headlong into a deep hole 
or pit at the bottom of which he lay stunned for 
some time. liecovering, he found that no bones 
were broken, and after considerable difficulty, 
succeeded in scrambling out of the hole. Just as 
he did so, the wpil was as^ain ra-sed; but it 

sounded so strange, and so unlike any sound that 
CufFy could produce, that he was tempted to give 
up the search — all the more that his recent fall 
had so shaken his exhausted frame that he could 
scarcely walk. 

While he stood irresolute, the wail was repeated, 

and, this time, there was a melancholy sort of 
" bow-wow " mingled with it, that sent the blood 
careering through his veins like wildfire. Eatigue 
and hunger were forgotten. Shouting the name 
of his dog, he bounded forward, and would infal- 
libly have plunged head-foremost into another 
pit, at the bottom of which Cuffy lay, had 
not that wise creature uttered a sudden bark 


of joy, which checked his master on the very 

" Hallo ! Cuff, is that you, my doggie ?" 
*' Bow, wow, wow/'' exclaimed Cuffy in tones 
which there could he no mistaking, although the 
broken twigs and herbage which covered the 
mouth of the pit muffled them a good deal, and 
accounted for the strangeness of the creature's 
howls when heard at a distance. 

«» Why, where ever have 'ee got yourself into ?" 
said Jarwin, going down on his knees and gropinjjj 
carefully about the opening of the pit. " I do 
believe you 've bin an* got into a trap o* some sort. 
The savages must have been here before us, doggie, 
and made more than one of 'em, for IVe just 
corned out o* one myself. Hallo ! there, I 'm into 
another ! " he exclaimed as the treacherous bank 

^ave way, and he slipped in headlong, with a dire 
crash, almost sraotheiing Cuffy in his fall. 
Fortunately, no damage, beyond a few scratches, 

resulted either to dog or man, and in a few min- 
utes more both stood upon firm ground. 
It would be vaiji. reader to attempt to give you 


in detail all that John Jarwin said and du! on thiU 

great occasion, as he sat there on the ground 
caressing his dog as if it had been his own child. 
We leave it to your imagination I 

When he had expended the first burst of feeling, 
he got up, and was about to retrace his steps, when 
he observed rtome bones lying near him. On 
examination, these proved to be the skeleton of 
a man. At first Jarwiu thought it must be that 
of a native ; but he was startled to find among 
the dust on which the skeleton lay several brass 
buttons with anchors on them. That he stood 
beside the remains of a brother seaman, who had 
probably been cast on that island, as he himself 
had been, seemed very evident, and the thought 
filled him with strange depressing emotions. As 
it was by that time too dark to make further in- 
vestigations, he left the place, intending to return 
next day ; and, going as cauti ously as possible 
out of the wood, returned to his abode, where he 
kindled a fire, gave OutPy some food, and prepared 
some for hiniBolf j but before he had tasted that 
food another of the shivering fite seized him. 


strange feeUng of being very ill, and a peculiar 
wandering of his mind, induced him to throw 
himself on his couch. The prolonged strain to 
which body and mind had been subjected had 
proved too much for him, and before morning he 
wap 8t.i'i(;ken with a ragiutr fever. 




For several days the sailor lay tossing in helpless 
misery in his bower^ without food or lire. Indeed 
he could not have eaten even if food had been 
offered him, and as to fire, there was heat enough 
in his veins, poor feUow ! to more than counter- 
balance the want of that. 

During part of the time he became delirious, 
and raved about home and sea-life and old com- 
panions in a way that evidently quite alarmed 
Cuffy, for that sagacious terrier approached his 
master with caution, with his tail between his 
legs, and a pitiful, earnest gaze, that was quite 
touching. This was partly owing to the fact that 
Jarwin had several times patted him with such 
painful violence as to astonish and render him 

UOJ'KS AN1> FBAH61, KTO» 61 

doubtful of the affection displayed by such ca- 
resses. Jarwin also recurred at these times to his 
tobacco and beer, and apparently suftered a good 

deal from dreams about those luxuries. In his 
ravings he often told Cuffy to fill a pipe for him, 
and advised him to look sharp about it, and he 

frequently reproached some of his old comrades 
for not passing the beer. Fortunately the foun- 
tain was close at hand, and he often slaked his 
burning thirst at it. He also thought frequently 
of the skeleton in the thicket, and sometimes raved 

ith an expression of horror about being left to 
die alone on a desert island. 

By degrees the fever reached its climax, and 
then left him almost dead. For a whole day and 
night he lay so absolutely helpless that it cost him 
an efibrt to open his eyeSf and he looked so ill that 
the poor aog began to whine piteously over him, 
but the day after that a sensation of hunger in- 
duced him to make an effort to rouse up. He 
bded to raise his head — it felt as if made of lead. 

** Hallo t Cuffy, somethin' wrong I suspect I 


was the iirst time for many days that Jarwin 



had spoken hx his natuml tones. The effect 
the dog was instantaneous and powerfiiL 
sprang up, and wagged its expressive tail with 
something of the energy of former times ; licked 
the sick man's face and hands; whined and 

barked intelligently ; ran away in little bursts, as 
if it had resolved to undertake a journey off-hand, 

but came back in a few seconds, and in many 

other ways indicated its intense delight at finding 

that Jarwin was '* himself again," 
But alas I Jarwin was not quite himself yet, 

and Cuffy, after his first ebullition, sat looking in 

surprise at the invalid, as he strove to turn on his 
side, and reach out his heavy hand and skinny 

arm towards a few scraps of the last meal he had 
cooked before being struck down. Cuffy, after 
eating the portion of that meal that suited hia 
taste, had left the remnants there as being un- 
worthy of notice, and catered for himself among 
the dead fish cast up on the beach. Although 

lying within a yard of his couch, Jarwin had the 

greatest difficidty in reaching the food ; and when 
he did at length succeed in grasping it, he fell 



back on his couch, and lay for a long time as 
dead. Soon, however, he recovered, and, with a 
feeling of gratitude such as he had never before 
experienced, began to gnaw the hard morsels, 

** I 'm in a bad way, Cuff," he said, after satisfy- 
ing the first cravings of hunger. 

Cuffy gave a responsive wag with his tail, and 
cocked his ears for mora 

" Howsoever, seems to me that I Ve got the turn ; 
let's be thankful for that, my doggie. Wonder 

how long I Ve bin ill Months mayhap. Don't 
think I could have come to be sitch a skeleton in 
A short time. Ha ! that minds me o* the skeleton 
in the wood. Have *ee seed it, Cutf, since I found 
'ee there ? Well, I must eat and drink too, if I 
would keep the skin on m^ skeleton. Wish you 
had hands, doggie, for I 'm greatly in need o' help 
just now. But you're a comfort, anyhow, even 
though you hain't got no hantls 1 should have 
died without you, my doggie — you cheer me up, 
d'ee see, and when it's nigh low water with a 
man, it don't take much to make him slip his 
cable. The want of a kind look at this here 


time, OufFy, would have sent me adrift, I do 


It must not be supposed that all this was spoken 
fluently. It came slowly, by fits and starts, with 
a long pause at the end of each sentence, and 
with many a sigh between, expressive of extreme 

wish I had a drink, CufFy," said the invalid 

after a long pause, turning a longing look towards 

the spring, which welled up pleasantly close to 

the opening of the hut " Ay, that 's all very well 

in its way, but bow-wowin' an* waggin' yer tail 
won't fetch me a can o' water. Hows'ever, it *s o* 

no manner o' ukp wishin*. * Never say die.' Here 

So saying, he began slowly and painfully, but 

with unyielding perseverance, to push, and draw, 
and hitch himself, while lying at full length, 
towards the spring, which he reached at last so ex- 
hatisted, that he had barely put his lips to it and 
swallowed a mouthful, when his head dropped, 
and he almost fainted. He was within an ace 

of being drowned, but with a violent etToH h* 


drew his face out of the s])ring, aud lay there in a 
half unconscious condition for some time, with 
the clear cool water playing about his temples. 
Reviving in a little time, he took another sip, and 
then crawled hack to his couch. Immediately he 
fell iufco a profound slumber, from which Cuffy 
strove in vain to awaken him ; therefore, like a 
sagacious dog, he lay down at his master's side 
and joined him in repose. 

From that hour Jarwin began to mend rapidly. 
In a few days he was able to walk about with the 
aid of a stick. In a few weeks he felt somewhat 
like his former self, and soon after that, he was able 
to ascend to the top of the island, and resume his 
watch for a passing sail. But the first few hours 
of his watch beside the old flagstaff convinced him 
that his hopes would, in all probability, be doomed 
to disappointment, and that he would soon fall 
back into a state of apathy, from which he might 
perhaps be unable to rouse himself, in which case 
his fate would certainly be that of the poor sailor 
whose remains he had that day buried in the pit 
near to which they had been discovered. He 


resolvod, Uierefore, to ^ive up watching alto_'-other, 
and to devote all his eiier^ios in future to devising 
some plan of escape from the island, but whi^p he 

bent his mind to this task he felt a deep sinking 

of the heart, for he had no implements wherewith 
to construct a boat or canoe. 

Suddenly it occurred to him, lor the first time 
in his life, that he ought, in this extremity, to 
pray to God for help. He was, as we have said, 
a straightforward man, prompt to act as well as 
ready to conceive. He fell on his knees at once, 
humbly confessed his sin in depending so entirely 
on himself in time pa^tt, and earnestly asked help 
and guidance for the future. His prayer was not 

long — neither was the j)ublican's — but it was 
effectual. He arose with feelings of strong resolu- 
tion and confidence, which appeared to himself 
quite unaccountable, for he had not, as yet, con- 
ceived any new idea or method as to escaping from 
the island. Instead of setting his mind to work, 
as he liad intended, he could not help dwelJing on 
the fact that he had never before deliberateJ'' 
asked help from his Malcer. and this raised a train 


of Rplf-oondeinnatory thoughts which occupied him 
the remainder of that day. At uight he prayed 
agaip before laying down to rest. 

Next morning he rose like a giant refreshed, 
and, after a plunge in the sea and a hearty break- 
fast, set out with GufFy for a meditative walk. 

Great were the thoughts that swelled the sea- 
man's broad chest during that walk, and numerous, 

as well as wild and quaint, were the plans ol 

escape which he conceived and found it necessary 

to abandon. 

" It 's harder work to think it out than I had 

expected, Cuffy/' he said, sitting down on a cliff 

that overlooked the sea, and thinking aloud. " It 

you and I could only swim twenty miles or so at 

a stretch, I 'd risk it ; but, as no thin' short o' that 

would be likely to be of sarvice, we must give it 

up. Then, if I could only cut down trees with 

my shoe, and saw planks with my jacket, we might 
make a boat ; but I can*t do that, and we haven't 
no nails — except our toe-nails, which ain't the 
right shape or strong enough ; so we must give 
that up toa It 's true that we might burn a canoe 


out of a solid tree, but who 's to cut down the solid 
^ree for us, doggie 1 I 'm sure if the waggin' of a 
tail could do it you wouldn't be loug about it ! 
Why on earth can't 'ee keep it still for a bit ? 
Well, then, as we can't swim or fly, and haven't a 
boat or canoe, or the means o* makin' em. what's 

the next thing to be done ? " 

Apparently neither man nor dog could return 
an answer to that question, for they both sat for 
a very long time in profound silence, staring at 
the sea. 

After some time Jarwiu suddenly exclaimed, 

Cuffy, startled by the energy with which it was 
said, jumped up and said, '* That 's right ] 
something very like it — with his eyes. 

Yes, Cufify, I '11 make a raft, and you and 



shall get oa it, some day, with a fair wind, and 

make for the island that we think we ve seen so 
often on the horizon." 

He alluded here to a faint blue line which, on 
unusually fine and clear days, he had distinguished 
on the horizon to the southward, and which, from 



its always appearing on the same spot, he believed 
to be land of scaie sort, although it looked nothing 
more than a low-lying cloud. 

" So that 's settled," contiaued Jarwin, getting 
up and walking smartly back to his hut with the 
air of a man who has a purpose in view. "We 
shall make use of the old raft, as far as it '11 go. 
Luckily the sail is left, as you and I know, Cuff, 
for it has been our blanket for many a day, and 
when all's ready we shall go huntin', you and I, 
till we Ve got together a stock of provisions, and 
then — up anchor and away ! We can only be 
drownded once, you know, and it *s better that than 

stopping here to die o' the blues. What think 'ee 
o' that, my doggie ? " 

Whatever the doggie thought of the idea, there 
can be no question what he thought of the cheery 
vigorous tones of his master's voice, for he gam- 
boled wildly round, barked with vociferous de- 
light, and wagged his " spanker boom " to such an 
extent that Jarwin warned him to have a car» 

lest it should be carried away, an' go slap over 


In pursuance of the designs thus expressed, the 
sailor began the construction of a raft witliout 
delay, and worked at it diligently the remainder 
of that day. He found, on examination, that a 
considerable portion of the old ratt yet remained 
stranded on the bi^ach, tliough all the smaller spars 
of which it had been composed had been used for 
firewood. With great difficulty he rolled these 
logs one by one into the sea, and, getting astride 
of each, pushed them by means of a ])ole towards 
a point of rocks, or natural jetty, alongside of 
which the water was deep. Here he fastened 
them together by means of a piece of rope — one 
of the old fastenings which remained to him, the 
others having been used in the construction of the 
hut. The raft thus formed was, however, much 

too small to weather a gale or float in a rough sea» 
In whatever way he placed the spars the structure 
was too narrow for safety. Seeing, therefore, that 

was absolutely necessary to obtain more logs, 
he set brain and hands to work without delay 

Many years before, he had seen an ancient 
itone hatchet in a museum, the head of which 



was fastened to the haft by means of a powerftil 
thong of untanned hide. He resolved to make a 
hatchet of this soil Long did he search the beach 
lor a suitable stone, but in vain. At last he found 

one pretty nearly the proper sliape, which he 
chipped and ground into tlie rude form of an axe. 
It had no oye for the liandle. To have made a 
hole in it would have weakened the stone too 
much. He therefore cut a groove in the side of 
the handle, placed the head of the stone into it, and 
completed the fastening by tying it firmly with 
the tough fibrous roots of a tree. It was strongly 
and neatly made, though clumsy in appearance, 
but, do what he would, he could not put a suffi- 
ciently fine edge on it, and although it chipped 
pretty well when applied to the outside of a tree, 
made very slow progress indeed as the cut 
deepened, and the work became so toilsome at 

last that he almost gave it up in despair. Sud- 
denly it occurred to him that fire might be made 
use of to facilitate the work, Selecting a tali 
cocoanut-tree, he piled dry wood all round the foot 
of it Before setting it on iire he dipped a quantity 


of C5ocoanut fibre in the sea and tied a thick belt of 
of this round the tree just above the pile, so as to 
protect the upper parts of the spar from the flames 
as much and as long as possible. This done, he 
kindled tlie pile. A steady breeze fanned the 
flame into an intense fire, which ere long dried up 
the belt of fibre and finally consumed it. The fire 
was pretty well burnt out by that time, however, 
so that the upper part of the stem had been 
effectually preserved. Removing the ashes, he was 
rejoiced to find that the foot of the tree had been 
BO deeply burned that several inches of it were re- 
duced to charcoal, which his stone hatchet readily 
cut away, and the operation was so successful that 
it only required a second fire to enable him to fell 

the tree. 

This done, Jtie measured it off in lengths. Under 
each point of measurement he piled up dry wood 

which consisted merely of broken branches 
with belts of wet fibre on each side of these piles. 
Then, applying a light to the fires he reduced the 
parts to charcoal as before, and completed the 
work with the hatchet. Thus, in the course of a 


single day, he felled a tall tree and cut it up into 
six lengths, which he rolled down to the sea and 
floated off to the end of the jetty. 

Next day Jar win rose with the sun, and began 
to make twine of twisted cocoanut fibre — of which 
there was great abundance to be had everywhere. 
When a sufficient quantity had been made he 

plaited the twine into cords, and the cords into 
stout ropes, which, although not so neat as regular 
ropes, were, nevertheless, sufficiently pliable and 
very strong. Several days were spent over this 
somewhat tedious process ; and we may mention 
here, that in all these operations the busy seaman 
was greatly assisted by his dog, who stuck close 
to him all the time, encouraging him with looks 
and wags of approbation. 

After the ropes were made, the raft was put 
together and firmly lashed. There was a mast 
and yard in the centre of it, and also a hollow, 
formed by the omission of a log, which was just 
large enough to permit of the man and his dog 

lying down. This hollow, slight though it was 

afterwards proved of the utmost service. 



It is needless to rocount all the details of the 

building and provisioning of this raft. Suilicc it 
to say that, about three weeks after the idea of it 
had been conceived, it was completed and ready 
for sea. 

During his residence on the island, although it 
had only extended over a few mouths, Jarwin had 

become very expert in the use of a s]iaq)-pointed 
pole, or javelin, with which he had become quite 
an adept in spearing iifah. lie had also become 
such a dead-shot with a stone that when lie 
managed to get within thirty yards of a bird, he 
was almost certain to hit it. Thus he was enabled 
to procure fish and fowl as much as he require(? 
and as the woods abounded with cocoa-nuts, 
plums, and other wild i'ruits, besides many edible 
roots, he had no lack of good fare. Now that he 
was about to *' go to sea," he bethought him of 
drying some of the fruits as well as curing some 
fish and birds. This he did by degrees, while 
engaged on the raft, so that when all was ready 
he had a store of provisions sufhcient to last him 
several weeks. In order to stow all this he r&- 


moved another log from the raiddle of the raft, 
and, having deposited the food in the hollow 
carefully wrapped in cocoanut leaves and made 
into compact bundle^s — he covered it over by lay- 
in^t,^ a layer of large leaves a})0ve it and labhiiifj a 
small spar on the top of them to keep them down. 
The cask with which he had landed from tlu 
original raft, and which he had preserved with great 
care, not knowing liow soon he might be in cir- 
cumstances to require it, served to hold fresh water. 
On a fine njorning about sunrise, Jarwin em- 
barked with his little dog and bade farewell to 
the coral island, and although he had not dwelt 

very long there, he felt, to his own surprise, much 
regret at quitting it. 

A fresh breeze was blowing in the direction of 

the island — or the supposed island — he wished to 

reach. This was important, because, in such a 

craft, it was impossible to sail in any way except 

before the wind. Still, by means of a rude oar or 

paddle, he could modify its direction so as to steer 

clear of the passage through the reef and get out 

to sea. 



Once outside, he squared the sail and ran ri^^ht 
before the breeze. Of course such a weighty cral't 
went very slowly throuf^h the water, but the wind 
was pretty strong, and to Jar win, who had been 
for a comparatively long time unaccustomed to 
moving on the water, the speed seemed fast 
enongh. As the island went astern, and the raft 
lifted and fell gently on the long swell of tlie 
ocean, the seaman's heart heat with a pf^ciiliar 
joy to which it had long been a stranger, and he 
thanked God fervently for having so soon answered 
his prayer. 

For a long time he sat reclining in the hollow 
of the raft, resting his hand lightly on the steer- 
ing oar and gazing in silence at the gradually 
fading woods of his late home. Tlie dog, ^ as if 

it were aware that a great change was being 
effected in their destiny, lay also perfectly still 
and apparently contemplative — at his master's 
feet; resting his chin on a log and gazing at 
the receding land. It was evident, liowever, that 
his thoughts were not absent or wand(U'ing, for, 
on the slightest motion made by his master, hin 

ROPF.S ^my FKAHfrl, ETC. 77 

dark eyes turned towards him, his ears slightly 
rose, and his tail gave the faintest possible indica^ 
tion of au intention to wag. 

Well, Cutfy," said Jarwin at last, rousing 


himself with a sigh, ** wot are 'ee thinking of?" 
The dog instantly rose, made aflPectionate demon- 

Btrations, and whined. 

*' Ah, you may well say that. Cuff," rc]»lied the 

man ; ** I know you ain't easy in yer mind, and 
there 's some reason in that, too, for we 're off on 
a raither uncertain viage, in a somewhat unstia- 
worthy craft. Howsever, cheer up, doggie. Who- 

ever turns up, you and I shall sink or swim 

Just then the sail flapped. 

*' Hallo ! Cuff," exclaimed Jarwin, with a look 
of anliety, '* the wind's going to shift." 

This was true. The wind did shift, and in a 
few minutes had veered so much round that the 
raft was carried away from the blue line on the 
horizon, which Jarwin had so fondly hoped would 
turn out to be an inhabited island. It blew lightly, 
however, and when the suu went down, had qom- 


pletely died away. In these circumstances Jarwin 
and his dog supped together, and then lay down 
to rest, full of sanguine hope. 

They were awakened during the night by a 
violent squall, which, however, did no further 
damage than wash a little spray over them, for 
Jarwin had taken the precaution to lower and 

make fast the sail. He now turned his attention 
to preparing the raft for rough weather. This 
consisted in simply drawing over the hollow — in 
which he, his dog, and his provisions lay — a piece 
of canvas that he had cut off the sail, which was 
unnecessarily large. It served as a tarpaulin, and 
effectually shielded them from ordinary sprays, 
but when the breeze freshened to a gale, and green 
seas swept otver the rai't, it leaked so badly, that 
Jarwin's cabin became a salt-water bath, and his 
provisions by degrees were soaked 

At first he did not mind this much, for the air 
and water were sufficiently warm, but after being 
wet for several hours he began to feel chiQed, Aa 
for poor Cuffy, his trembling body bore testimony 
to the state of his feelings ; nevertheless h6 did 


not complain, being a dog of high spirit and endur- 
ance. In these circumstances the seaman hailed 
the rising sun with great joy, even although it rose 
in tlie midst of lurid murky clouds, and very soon 

hid its face altogether behind them, as if it had 
made up its mind that the state of things below 

was so bad as tx) be not worth shining upon. 

All that day and night the gale continued, and 
they were driven before it. The waves rushed so 
continuously and furiously over tlie raft, that it 
was with the utmost diiSculty Jar win could retain 
his position on it. Indeed it would have been 
impossible for him to have done so, if he had not 
taken the precaution of making the hollow in the 
centre, into which he could crouch, and thus avoid 
the full force of the seas. Next day the wind 
abated a little, but the sea still rolled " mountains 
high." In order to break their force a little, lie 
ventured to show a little corner of the sail Small 
though it was, it almost carried away the slendei 
mast, and drove the raft along at a wonderfully 
rapid rate. 

At lust the gale went down, and, finaUy, it be- 

80 JAR WIN AND ouFnr. 

came a dead calm, leaving the rai't like a cork 
heaving on the mighty swell of the racific Ocean 
Weary and worn — almost dead with watching and 
exposure —John Jarwin lay down and slept, but 
his slumber was uneasy and unrefreshing. Sun- 
rise awoke him, and he sat up with a fee^ling of 
deep thankfulness, as he basked once more in its 

warm rays and observed that ttie sky above him 
was bright blue. But other feelings mingled with 
these when he gazed round on the wide waste of 
water, which still heaved its swelling thougli now 

unruffled breast, as if panting after its recent burst 
of fury. 

"Ho! CufFy— what's that? Not a sail, eh?" 
exclaimed Jarwin, suddenly starting up, wliile his 
languid eyes kindled with excittiuient. 

He was right. After a long, earnest, anxious 
gaze, he came to the conclusion tluit it was a sail 
which shone, white and conspicuous, like a speck 
or a snow-flake on the horizon 



Immediati'XY on discoveriug tlio sail, Jarwin 

hoisted a i^niall canvas flag, which he had pre- 
pared for th(i purpose, to the mast-head, and then 

sat down to watch with indescri])able earnestness 

the motions of the vessel There was great cause 

for anxiety he well knew, because his raft was a 
mere speck on the great waste of waters which 

might easily be overlooked even by a vessel pass- 
ing at a comparatively short distance, and if the 
vessel's course should happen to lie across that of 
the rail, there was every probability she would only 
be visible for a short time and then pass away like 
a ray of hope dying out. 

After gazing in perfect silence for half-an-hour, 
Jarwin heaved a deep sigh and said 

" She steers this way, Cuffy." 

Cuffy acknowledged the remark with a little 

whine and a very slight wa^ of his tail It wa^i 


evident that bia spirits had sunk to a low ebb, and 
that he wa« aut prepared to derive comfort from 
every trifling circumstance. 

" Come, we *11 have a bit of suramat to eat, my 

doggie," said the sailor, reaching forwaid his hand 
to the provision bundle. 

Thoroughly tmderstanding and appreciating this 

remark, Cuffy roused himself and looked on with 
profound interest, while his master cut up a dried 
fish. Having received a large share of it, he for- 
got everything else, and devoted all his powers, 
physical and mtnital, to the business in hani 
Although Jarwin also applied himself to the food 
with the devotion of a man whose appetite i» 
sharp, and whose strength needs recruiting, he was 
very far indeed from forgetting other things. He 
kept his eyes the whole time on the ap]>roaching 
sail, and oik'(- or twice became so absorbed and so 
anxious lest the vessel should change her course, 
tiiat he remained with his mouth half open, and 
with the uncomiumed morsel reposing therein for 
a minute or more at a time. 

But the vessel did not ohan^e her course. On 


she camo; a fine large achoonorwith raking masts, 
and so trim and neat in her rig that she resembled 
a pleasure-yacht. As she drew near, Jarwin rose, 
and holding on to the mast, waved a piece of can- 
vas, while Cuffy, who felt that there was now 
really good ground for rejoicing, wagged his tail 
and barked in an imbecile fashion, as if he didn't 
exactly know whether to laugh or cry, 

•* We ^re all safe now, doggie," exclaimed Jarwin, 
as Ihe scliOoneT came cutting through the water 
before a light breeze, leaving a slight track of foam 

in her wake. 

When within about two or three hundred yaras 
of the raft, the castaway could see that a figure 
leant on the vessel's side and brought a telescope 
to bear on him. With a feeling of irrepressible 
gladness he laughed and waved his hand. 

** Ay, ay, take a good squint," he shouted, " an* 
then lower a boat — eh !" 

He stopped abruptly, for at that moment the 
figure turned towards the steersman ; the schooner's 
head fell away, presenting her stem to the raft, 
and began to leave her behind. 

84 ^ARV^TN A NO CVm 

The truth flashed upon Jarwin like a thunder- 
bolt. It was clear that the commauder of the 
strange vt'SPcl had no in tout ion ot reliBvint: liiiu. 
In the iirst burst of mingled despair and indigna- 
tion, the seaman uttered a bass roar of defiance 
that might have done credit to the lungs of a small 
caiTonade, and at tlie same tiroe shook his fist at 

the retiring schooner. 

The eliCect of this ^as as sudden as it was un- 
expected. To his surprise he observed that the 
schooner's head was immediately thrown up into 
the wind, and all her sails shook for a few mo- 
ments, then, iiljjng out again, the vessel bent 
gracefully over on the other tack. With return- 
ing joy the castaway saw her run straight towards 
laim. In a few minutes she was alongside, and her 
topsails were backed. 

" Look out ! cateh hold V cried a gruff voice, aa 
a sailor sent a coil of rope whirling over the raft, 
Jarwiu caught it, took a turn round the mast, and 
held on. 

In a minute the raft was alongside. Weak 
thouch he was, Jarwin retained enoucrh of hia 


sailor-like activity to enable him to seize a rope 
and swing himself on board with Cuffy in hi* 


He found himself on the pure white deck of a 
craft which was so well appointed and so well 
kept, that his first impressions were revived 
namely, that she was a pleasure-yacht. He knew 
that she was not a vesstjl of war, because, besides 
the absence of many little things that mark such 
a vessel, the few men on deck were not clothed 
like nian-of-war's-men, and there was no sign 
guns, with tlie exception of one little brass car-^ 
ronade, which was pK>bably xised as a signal-gun. 

A tall stout man, in plain costume, which was 
neither quite that of a seaman nor a landsman, 
stood with his arms crossed on his broad chest 
near the man at the wheel. To him, judging him 
to be the captain or owner of the vessel, Jarwin 
wc'ut up, and, pulling his forelock by way of salu- 
tation, said 

'*Why, sir, I thought ee was a-goin' to leave 

" So 1 was," answered the captain, drily. ** Hold 

88 JARWIN AND ouFrr 

on to the raft," he added, turning to the man who 

had thrown the rope to Jarwin. 

" Well, sir," said the latter in some surprise, 
" in course I don't know why you wos agoin' to 
leave a feiler-creetur to his fate, but I *m glad you 
didn't go for to do it, 'cos it wouldn't liave bin 
Christianlike. But I 'm bound for to thank ce, 

sir, all the same for havin' saved me — and 


" Don't be too free with your thanks, my good 

man/' returned the captain, ** for you 're not saved^ 

as you call it, yet 

" Not saved yet ? " repeated Jarwin, 

" No. Whether I save you or not depends ot 

your keeping a civil tongue in your head, and on 

your answers to my questions," 

The captain interlarded his speech with many 
oaths, which, of course, we omit. This, coupled 
with his rude manners, induced Jarwin to suspect 
that the vessel was not a pleasure-yacht after all, 
go he wisdy held his peace. 

" Where do you belong to ?" demanded the 




To Yarmouth, sir." 

What ship did you sail in, what has come of 

her, and how came you to be cast adrift ? 


sailed in the Nancy ^ sir, from Plymouth, 
with a miscellaneous cargo for China She sprung 
a leak in a gale, and we was 'bliged to make a 
raft, the boats bein' all stove in or washed away. 

as barely ready when the ship went down 
starn foremost. Durin' the gale all my mates 
ere washed off the raft or died of exposure ; only 
me and my dog left.** 

How long ago was that?** asked the cap- 



"Couldn't rightly say, sir, I've lost count o* 
time, but it's more than a year gone by any- 

" That 's a lie," said the captain, with an oath. 

** No, 'taint, sir," replied Jarwin, reddening, 
" it *s a truth, I was nigh starved on that raft, 
but was cast on an island where I 've bin till a few 
days ago ever since, when I put to sea on the raft 

that now laya a-starn there." 

For a few secorids the captain made no rejoinder, 

88 JARWfN \sv rmy 

but a glance at the raft seemed to satisfy him of 
the truth of what was said. At length he said 

" What's your name?" 

"John Jarwin, sir," 

" Weil, John Jarwin, 1*11 save you on one con- 
dition, which is, that you become one of my crew, 
and agree to do rny bidding and ask no questions. 
What say you ?" 

Jarwin hesitated. 

** Haul up the raft and let this man get aboard 
of it," said the captain, coolly but sternly, to the 
seaman who held the rope, 

"You've no occasion to be so sharp, sir,** said 
John, remonstratively. " If you wos to tell me to 

cut my own throat, you know, I could scarce be 
expected for to do it without puttin' a few ques- 
tions as to the reason why. You 're a trader, I 



" Yes, I 'm a trader," replied the captain, " but 
don't choose to be questioned by you. AH 
you 've got to do is to agree to my proposal or to 
walk over the side. To tell you the truth, whep 

fA.hh IKtO BAD COMFA-N^ . J^d 

r saw you first through the glass, you looked such 

a starved wretch that I thought you 'd be of n* 
a»e to me, and if it hadn't been for the yell you 
gave, that showed there was soiiiothing in you 
fctill, I'd have left you to sink or swim. So you 
see what sort of man you've got to deal with. 
I'm short-handed, but not so short as to engage 
an unwilling man, or a man who wouldn't be 
ready for any sort of dirty work. You may take 
your choice." 

** Well, sir," replied Jarwin, " I Ve no objection 
to take service with ee. As the sayin* goes, ' beg 

gars mustn^t be choosers/ I ain't above doin' 
dirty work, if required." 

John Jarwin, in the simplicity of his heart, 
imagined that the captain was in need of a man 
vho could and would turn his hand to any sort of 
work, whether nautical or oihiiiwise, on board 
«hip or ashore^ which was his idea of *' dirty 
work ;" but the captain appeared to understand 
him in a different sense, for he smiled in a grim 
fashion, nodded his head, and, turning to the sea- 
man before mentioned, bade him cut the raft 

9() iARWlt^ A NO <'TjFn 

adrift. The man obeyed, and in a few miimtps it 
was out of sight astcru. , 

" Now, Jarwin, go below,*' said the captain ; 
" Isaacs will introduce you to your messmates.'* 

Isaacs, who had just cut away the raft, was a 
short, thick -set man, with a dark, expressionless 
face. He went forward without saying a word, 
and introduced Jarwin to the men as a "new 



*' And a green un, I s'pose ; give us your tiipper, 
lad," said one of the crew, holding out his 


Jarwin shook it, took off his cap and sat down, 
while his new friends bej:^an, as they expressed it, 
to pump him. Having no objection to be pumped, 
he had soon related the whole of his recent his- 
tory. In the course of the narrative ho discovered 
that his new associates were an unusually rough 
set. Their language was interspersed with fright- 
ful oaths, and their references to the captfcidQ 
showed that his power over them was certainly 
not founded on goodwill or affectioa Jarwin also 
discovered that the frceness of his communication 


was not reciprocated by his bcw mates, for when 
he made inquiries as tc the nature of the trade in 
which they were engaged, some of the men merely 
replied with uproarious laughter, chaff, or curses, 
while others made jocular allusions to sandal- wood 
trading, slaving, Jbc, 

'* I shouldn't wonder now," said on©, ** if you 
was to think we was pirates." 

Jarwin smiled as he replied, "Well, I don't 
exactly think that, but I 'm bound for to say the 
ichooner has got such a rakish look that 

wouldn't seem unnatural like if you toere to 
hoist a black flag at the peak. An' you '11 excuse 
me, shipmets, if I say that yer lingo ain't just so 
polished as it might be*" 

"And pray who are you, that comes here to 
lecture us about our lingo ? " cried one of the men 
fiercely, starting up and confronting Jarwin with 
clenched fists. 

" Why, mate,*' replied Jarwin, quietly folding 
back the cuffs of his coat, and putting himself in 

an attitude of defence, " I ain't nobody in par-tik 
ler, not tlie Lord Cliancellor o* England, anyhow 


still less the Archbishop of Canterbury, I *in onh 

Jack Jarwin, seaman, but if you ot any 

othor man thinks " 

" Come, come/* cried one of the men in a tone 
of authority, starting forward and thrusting Jar- 
win's assailant violently aside, " none o' that sort 
o' thing here. Keep your fists for the niggers, 
Bill, we 're all brothers here, you know ; an affec- 
tionate family, so to speak ! " 

There was a general laugh at this. Bill retired 
sulkily, and Jarwin sat down to a plate of hot 
*'iup-8couse," which proved to be very good, and 
of which he stood much in need. 

For several days our hero was left very much to 
himself. The schooner sped on her Voyage with a 
fair wind, and the men were employed in light 

work, or idled about the deck. No one mter- 
fered with Jarwin, but at the same time no one 
became communicative. The captain was a very 

silent man, and it was evident that the crew stood 
much in awe of liim. Of course Jarwin's sus- 
picious as to the nature of the craft were increased 
by all this, and from sc^me r«Tifiarks which he over- 


heard two or three days after his coming on board, 
he felt, convinced that he had fallen into bad com- 
pany. Before a week had passed, this became so 
evident that he made up his mind to leave the 
vessel at the very first opportunity. 

One day he went boldly to the captain and de- 
manded to know the nature of the trade in which 
the schooner was employed and their present 
destination. He was told that that was no busi- 
ness of his» that he had better go forward and 
mind his duty without more ado, else he should 
be pitched overboard. The captain used such for- 
cible language when he said this, and seemed so 
thoroughly in earnest, that Jarwin felt no longer 
any doubt as to his true character. 

" I '11 tell you what it is, my lad," said the cap- 
tain, '*my schooner is a trader or a man-of-war 
according to circumstances, and I 'm a free man, 
going where I choose and doing what I please, 
treat my men well when they do their duty ; when 
they don*t I make 'em walk the plank. No doubt 

you know what that means. If you don't we shall 
soon teach you. Take to-night to think over it 

M JARWtN AND otrrrr 

To morrow morning 1 11 have a question or two to 
ask you. There — go!" 

Jarwin bowed submissively and retired. 

That night the moon shone full and clear on 

the wide ocean's breast, and Jarwin stood at the 

bow of the schooner, looking sadly over the side, 
and patting his little dog gently on the head. 

"CufFy, you and me's in a fix, I suspect," he 
murmured in a low tone ; '* but cheer up, doggie, 

a way to escape will turn up no doubt" 

He had scarcely uttered the words when hia 
eye fell on the distant outline of land on the lei 
bow. He started, and gazed with fixed intensity 
for some minutes^ under the impression that it 
might perhaps be a fog-bank lighted by the moon, 
but in a short time it became so distinct that there 
coiild be no doubt it was land. He pointed it out 
to the watch on deck, one of whom said carelessly 
that he had seen it for some time, and that there 
were plenty more islands of the same sort in these 


Jarwin walked aft and stood near the lee gang^ 
wBfy contemplating the island in silence for somie 


time. A small oar lay at his feet Suddenly h% 
conceived the daring idea of seizing this, plunging 

overboard and attempting to swim to land He 
was a splendid swimmer, and although the island 
appeared to be more than two miles distant, he 

did not fear failura A moment's reflection, how- 
ever, oonvinced him that the men on deck would 

certainly hear the plunge, heave the ship to, and 

er a boat, in which case he should be immedi- 
ately overtaken. Still, being resolved to escape at 

all hazards, he determined to make the venture. 
Fastening a rope to a belaying pin, he tied the oar 

to it and lowered it over the side until it trailed 

In the water, he then lifted CufFjr, who was almost 
always near him, on to the side of the vessel, with 
a whisper to keep stilL The watch paced the 
eather side of the deck conversing in low tones. 
Tlie steersman could, from his position, see botli 
gangways, and although the light was not strong 
enough to reveal what Jarwin was about, it waA 
too strong to admit of his going bodily over the 
aide without being observed. He, therefore, walked 
ilowiy to the head of the vessel, wiiere he threw 


over the end of a small rope. By means of this^ 
when the watch were well aft, he slid noiselessly 
into the sea, hanging on by one hand and support- 
ing Cufiy with the other. Once fairly in the 
water he let go, the side of the vessel rubbed 
swiftly past him, and he all but missed grasping 
the oar which trailed at the gangway. By this he 
held on for a few seconds to untie the rope. He 
had just succeeded and was about to let go, when, 
unfortunately, the handle of the oar chanced to hit 
the end of Cuffy's nose a severe blow. The poor 
dog, therefore, gave vent to a loud yell of paia 
Instantly Jarwin aUowed himself to sink and held 
his breath as long as he possibly could, while 
Cuffy whined and swam on the surface. 

Meanwhile the men on deck ran to the side. 

" Hallo ! " cried one, " it 's Jarwin*s little dog gone 

** Let it go," cried another with a laugh; " it's 

a useless brute and eats a power o* grub." 

" I say, wot a splashin' it do kick up," he added 

m the little dog was left astern making vain efforts 

to clamber on the oar. ** Why, lads, there s som©- 


thin' else floatin' beside it, uncommon like a seal 
Are ee sure, Bill, that Jar win hasn't gone ovex- 
board along with his dog ? " 

** Why no," replied Bill ; " I seed him go for- 
ward a little ago ; besides it ain't likely he 'd go 
over without givin* a shout." 

" I dun know that/' said the other ; ** he might 

have hit his head again' somethin' in tumbliu' 


By this time the objects in question were almost 
out of sight astern. In a few minutes more a dark 
cloud covered the moon and effectually shut them 
out fiom view. 

Just then the Captain came on deck, and asked 
what was wrong. 

*' Fools ! " he exclaimed, in a voice of thunder, 
on being told, '* lower the gig. Look sharp ! Don't 

you see the land, you idiots ? The man 's away as 
well as the dog." 

In a few seconds the topsails were backed 
and the boat lowered, manned, and pushed 


But Jar win heard and saw nothing of all this 


He was bow far astern, for the vessel had been 

going rapidly through the water. 

On coming to the surface after his dive he caught 
hold of Cuflfy, and, with a cheering word or two, 
placed him on his back, telling him to hold on by 
his paws the best way he could. Then grasping 
the end of the oar, and pointing the blade land- 
wards, he struck out vigorously with his legs. 

It was a long and weaiy swim, but as his life 
depended on it, the seaman persevered. When he 
felt his strength giving way, he raised not only his 
heart but his voice in prayer to God, and felt 
restored e-ach time that he did so. Just as he 
neared the shore, the sound of oars broke on his 

ears, and presently he heard the well-known voice 
of the Captain ordering the men to pull hard 

Fortunately it was by this time very dark. He 
landed without being discerned The surf was 
heavy, but he was eipert in rough water, went in 
on the top of a billow, and was safely launched on 

a soft sandy beach, almost at the same moment 
with the boat The latter was however, at a conr 


siderable distance from him. He crept cautioualv 
np the shore until he gained a thicket, and then, 
rising, he plunged into the woods and ran straight 
before him until he was exhausted, carrying the 
little dog in his arms. Many a fall and bruise did 
the poor fellow receive in his progress, but the fear 
of being retaken by the pirates — for such he felt 

convinced they were — lent him wings. The Cap- 
tain and his men made a long search, but finally 
gave it up, and, returning to the boat, pushed ofE 
Jarwin never saw them again. 

He and Cufiy lay where they had fallen, and 
slept, wet though they were, till the sun was high, 

TJiey were still sleeping when a native chief of the 

island, hai)pening to pass along the beach, dis- 
cerned Jar win's footsteps and traced liini out. 
This chief was an immensely large powerful man, 
armed with a heavy club. He awoke the sailor 
with a kick, and spoke in a language which he did 
not understand. His gestures, however, said 
plainly enough, "Get up and come along with 
me," 80 Jarwin thought it best to obey, Ctf course 


whatever Jar win thought, Cuffy was of precisely 
the same opinion. They therefore quietly got up 
and followed the big chief to his village, where 
they were received by a large concourse of savages 
with much excitement and curiosity 




The sufiferings which Jarwin with his little dog 

had hitherto undergone were as nothino^ compared 
to those which he endured for some months after 
being taken prisoner by the savages. At first he 
gave himself up for lost, feeling assured that ere 

long he would be sacrificed in tlie temple of one 
of their idols, and then baked in an oven and con- 
sumed as food, according to the Jiorrible practice 
of the South- Sea Islanders. Indeed he began to 
be much astonished that, as day after day passed, 
there was no sign of any intention to treat him in 
this way, although several times the natives took 
him out of the hut in which he was imprisoned, 
and, placing him in the centre of a circle, held 


excitod and sometimes angry dis'jussions ovci 

It was not till months afterwards, when he had 
acquired a slight knowledge of their language, that 
he came to understand why he was spared at this 
time. It appeared that four shipwrecked sailors, 
who had been cast on a neighbouring island, had 
been killed, baked, and eaten, according to usage^ 
by the chief and his friends. Immediately after- 

wards, those who had partaken of tliis dreadful 
food had been seized with severe illness, and on 
or two had died. This fact had been known for 
6ome time to Jar win's captors, and the discussions 
above referred to had been engaged in with reference 
to the question whether it was likely that the flesh 

of the white man who had been thrown on their 
island would be likely to disagree with theii 
stomachs ! It was agreed that this was highly 
probable, and thus the seaman's life was spared; 
but he was sometimes tempted to wish that it had 
not been spared, for his master, the Big Chief, was 
a very hard man ; he put him to the most toilsome 
labour, and treat«»d him with every sort of indignity. 


Moreover, ho was compelled to be a witness 
practices so revolting and cruel, that he often put 
the question to himself whether it was possible 

for devils to display greater wickedness and de- 
pravity than these people^ 
Jarwiii was frequently tempted to resent the 

treatment he received, but, fortunately, he was 

prudent enough to bear it submissively, for it is 
certain that if he had rebelled he would have been 
slain on the spot Moreover, he set himself to 
carry out his favourite maxim — ^namely, that it 
was wise in all circumstances to make the best of 

everything. He laboured, therefore, with such 
goodwill, that he softened the breast of the Big 
Chief, who gradually became more amiable, and 
even indulgent to him. Thus he came to know 
experimentally the wisdom of that Scripture, " Be 

not overcome of evil, but overcome evil with 

John Jarwin possessed a remarkably fine sonor- 
ous bass voice, which, in former days, had been a 
source of great delight to his messmates. Although 

strong and deep, it was very sweet and tender in 


its tones, and eminently suited for pathetic and 
sentimental songs. Indeed Jar win's nature was 
g» earnest, that although he had a great deal 
quiet humour about him, and could enjoy comic 
songs very ranch, he never himself sang anything 
humorous. Now, it chanced that the Big Chief 
had a good ear for music, and soon became sc 
fond of the songs which his slave was wont to 
hum wlien at work, that he used to make him sit 
down beside him frequently and sing for hours at 
a time ! Fortunately, Jar win's lungs were power- 
ful, and his voice being full-toned and loud, he was 
able to sing as much as his master desired without 
much exertion. He gave him his whole budget 
which was pretty extensive — including melodies 
of the "Black-eyed Susan" and " Ben Bolt'* stamp. 
When these had been sung over and over again, 
he took to the Psalms and Paraphrases — many of 
which he knew by heart, and, finally, he had re 
course to extempore composition, which he found 
much easier than he had expected — the tones flow- 
ing naturally and the words being gibbei'ish ! 
Thus he became a sort of David to this remarkable 


Saul. By degrees, as he learnt the native tongue, 
he held long conversations with the Big Chief, and 
told him about his own land and countrymen and 
religion. In regard to the last the Chief was very 
inquisitive, and informed his slave that white men 
had b(^ea for some time in that region, trying to 
teach their religion to the men of an island which, 

thougli invisible from his island, was not very far 
distant, Jarwin said little about this, but from 
that time he began to hope that, thi*ough the mis- 
sionaries, he might be able to make his escape ere 

During all this time poor Cuffy experience 
a variety of vicissitudes, and made several narrow 
escapes. At first he had been caught and was on 
the point of being killed and roasted, when he 
wriggled out of his captor's grasp and made ofl' to 
the mountains, terrorstruck ! Here he dwelt foi 
some weeks in profound melancholy. Being 
unable to stand separation from his master any 
longer, he ventured to return to the village, but 
was immediately hunted out of it, and once again 
tied in horror to the hills, tlarwiu v/as not allowed 


to quit the village alone, he therefore never saw 
his little dog, and at length came to the conclusion 
that it had heen killed, When, however, he had 

ingratiated himself with his master, he was allowed 
more freedom, and one day, having wandered a 
considerable distance into the mountains, he came 

suddenly and unexpectedly upon Cuffy. Having 

experienced nothing from man of late but the most 
violent and cruel treatment, Cuffy no sooner beheld, 
as he supposed, one of his enemies, than, without 
giving him a second glance, he sprang up, put liis 
ears back, his tail between his legs, and, uttering 
a terrible yell, fled " on the wings of terror !" But 
Jarwin put two fingers in his mouth and gave a 
peculiarly shrill whistle, which brought the dog to 
a sudden stop, lie looked back with ears cocked. 

Again Jarwin whistled. Instantly Cufly turned 
and ran at him with a series of mingled yella, 
whines, and barks, that gave but a faiut idea of 
his tumultuous feelings. It would scarcely be t<K) 
much to say thet he almost ate his master up. 
He became like an india-rubber ball gone mad t 
He bounded round him to such an extent that 


Jarwin found it very dilBcult to get hold of or pat 
him. It is impossible to do justice to such a 
meeting. We draw a veil over it, only remark- 
ing that the sailor took his old favourite back to 
the village, and, after much entreaty and a good 
deal of persuasive song, was permitted to keep 

About ten months after this event, war broke 
out between the Big Chief and a neighbouring 
tribe of natives, who were a very quarrelsome and 
vindictive set. The tribe with "whom Jarwin 
dwelt would gladly have lived at peace, but the 
other tribe was stronger in numbers and thirsted 
for conquest — a consequence of strength which is 
by no means confined to savages I 

When war was formally declared, the Big Chief 
told Jarwin to prepare himself for battle. At first 
our hero had some qualms of conscience about it, 
but on reflecting that on the part of the tribe to 
which he l)elonged it was a war of self-defence, 

his conscience was pacified. 

The Big Chief ordered him to throw away hib 
now ragged garments, smear his whole body ove^ 


with oil Hud rod earth, paint black spots on hio 
cheeks, and a white streak dowu his uoseii and put 
on warrior's costume. In vain Jarwin begged and 
protested and sang The Big Chief's blood was 
up, and his comruands must be obeyed, thi^-efore 
Jarwin did as he was bid : went out to battle in 

tins remarkable costume — if we may so stylo it 
and proved himself such a prodigy of valour that 
his prowess went far to turn the tide of victory 
wherever he appeared during the fight. But we 
pass over all this. Suffice it to say, that the pug- 
nacious tribe was severely chastised and reduced 
to a state of quiet — for the time at least. 

One day, not long after the cessation of the war, 
a canoe arrived with several natives, all of whom 
wore clothing of a mucli more civilised description 
than is usually seen among South-Sea savages. 
riiey had a long, earnest talk with the natives, but 
Jarwiii was not allowed to hear it, (^r to show him- 
self. Next day they went away. For some time 
after that Big Chief was very thoughtful, but 

silent, and Jarwin could not induce him to become 
confidential until he had suiag all his melodies and 


all his psalms several times over, and had indulged 

in extempore melody and gibberish until his brain 

and throat were alike exhausted. The Big Chief 

gave way at last, however, and told him that 

his late visitors were Christians, who, with two 

native teachers, had been sent from a distant 

island by a white chief named Williams, to try 

and persuade him and his people to burn their 


" And are ee goin* to do it ? " asked Jarwin, 


No," replied the Chief, "but I am going to 

Rara tonga to see Cookee Williams." 

Of course they conversed in the native tongue, 
but as this would be unintelligible to the reader, 
we translate. It may also be remarked here that 
"Cookee" signified a white man, and is a word 
derived from the visit of that great navigator Cap- 
tain Cook to these inlands, by the natives of which 
he was ultimately murdered. 

Jarwin had heard, while in England, of the 
missionary Williams. On learning that he waa 
ftmong the islands, his heart beat high, and he 
begged earnestly that he might be allowed to go 

110 /A.RWIN AND otrFjrr, 

with the chief and his party to Raratonga, but his 
wily master woixld not consent " You will run 
away ? " he said, 

" No, I won't," said Jarwin, earnestly. 

Big Chief shook his head. 

'*They will take you from me," he said, "when 

they find out who you are." 

" 1 11 not let 'em/' replied Jarwin, with pathetic 
sincerity, and then began to sing in such a touch- 
ing strain, that his master lay back on his couch 
and rolled his large eyes in rapture. 

'* You shall go, Jowin," (that was the best he 
could make of the name), " if you will make me a 


** Name it, old boy," said Jarwin. 

'* That you will go dressed like one of my young 

men, and never open your lips to speak a word, no 
more than if you were dumb, whether the Cookees 
speak to you or not. 

Jarwin hesitated, but reflecting that there was 


no chance of his seeing the missionary at all if he 
did not give this promise, he consented. 
A week after thai^ all the preparations were 


nmde^ and four large canoes, full of well-armed 
men, set out for Raratonga, 

At the time we write of, the island of Raratonga 
had been recently discovered by the missionary 
Williams. The success of the labours of that de- 
voted man and his native teachers, is one of the 
most marvellous chapters in the history of the isles 
of the Pacific. At Raratonga, God seemed to have 
prepared the way for the introduction of the Gos- 
pel in a wonderful manner, for although the native 
teachers who first went ashore there were roughly 

handled, they were enabled, nevertheless, to per- 
severe, and in not much more than a single year, 
the Gospel wrought a change in the feelings and 
habits of the people, which was little short of 
miraculous. Within that brief period they had 
given up and burnt all their idols^ had ceased to 
practise their bloody and horrible rites, and had 
t!Tubraced Christianity — giving full proof of their 
^mcerity by submitting to a code of laws founded 

9u Scrij>rure, by agreeing to abandon polygamy, 
by buihiing a large place of worship, and by lead- 
mg (M>i'^mmtive]^ vixtBous ajui pi^ut^^ul hven 


And all this was begun and carried on for a con- 
siderable time, not by the European missionaries 
but by two of the devoted native teachers, who 
had previously embraced Christianity. 

The extent of the change thus wrought in the 

Raratongans in so short a time by the Gospel, may 
be estimated by a glance at the difficulties with 

which the missionaries had to contend. In writ- 
ing of the ancient usages of the people, Mr 
Williams* tells us that one of their customs was 
an nnnatural practice called Kuhumi anga. As 
soon as a son reached manhood, he would fight 
and wrestle with his father for the mastery, and 
if he obtained it, would take forcible possession of 

the farm belonging to his parent, whom he drove 
in a state of destitution from his home. Another 
custom was equally unnatural and inhuman. 
When a woman lost her husband, the relatives 
the latter, instead of paying visits of kindness to 
the fatherless and widow in their affliction, would 
seize every article of value belonging to the de- 


See Williauifl' most interesfcing wort, entitled " A NanAtivtt 

f>f Miawionary EutevpviBea iu the South-Sea lalauvU. 



ceaaed. turn the disconsolate mother and her 
children away, and possess themselves of the 
house, food, and land. But they had another cus- 
tom which caused still greater difficulties to tha 
missionaries. It was called "land-eating*' — in 
other words, the getting possession of each other's 
lands unjustly, and these, once obtained, were held 
with the greatest possible tenacity, for land was 
exceedingly valuable at Earatonga, and on no sub- 
ject were the contentions of the people more fre- 
quent or fierce. 

From this it will be seen that the Raratongana 
were apparently a most unpromising soil in whiclj 
to plant the "good seed/' for there is scarcely 
another race of people on earth so depraved and 
unnatural as they seem to have been. Nevertheless, 

God's blessed Word overcame these deep-rooted 
prejudices, and put an end to these and many 
other horrible practices in little more than a year. 
After this glorious work had been accomplished, 
the energetic missionary — who ultimately laid 
down his life in one of these islands* for the salo: 

• The Uland of ErrftmaDpa 

114 JTAKWIN AM) ClirFT. 

of Jesurf Clirist — resolved to go himself in search 
of other islands in which to plant the Gospel, and 

to send out native teachers with the same end in 
view. The record of their labours reads more like 
a romance than a reality, but we cannot afford to 
diverge longer from the course of our narrative. 

was one of these searching parties of native 

teachers that had visited tlie Big Chiefs island as 

alroa(iy described, and it was their glowing words 
and re])reaentations that had induced him to under- 
take this voyage to Kara tonga. 

Big Chief of course occupied the largest of the 
four canoes, and our friend Jar win sat on a seat 
in front of him — painted and decorated like a 

native warrior, aTid wielding a paddle like tlie 
rest. Of course Cuffy had been left behind. 

Poor Jar win had, during his captivity, under- 
gone the process of being tatooed from head to 

foot. It had tiiken several months to accoroplish 
and had cost him inexpressible torture, owing to 

Uie innumerable punctures made by the coriib-like 

instrument with which it was doueon tlie lulhmied 

muscles of his body. Bv dlut of e^^nlest entreaty 


and mucli song, he had prevailed on Big Chief to 
leave his face and hands untouched. It is douht- 
ful if he would have succeeded in this, despite the 
witching power of his melodious voice, had he not 
at the aaine time offered to paint his own face in 
imitation of tatooing, and accomplished the feat to 
such perfection that his deliji^hted master insisted 
on having his own painted forthwith in the same 


During a pause in their progress, while the pad- 
dh^rs were resting, Big Ciiief made his captive sit 

uear him. 

" You toll me that Cook ee- men" (by which he 
meant white men) " never lie, never deceive." 

'* 1 sfiud lie an' deceive myself, if I said so," 

replied Jam in, bluntly, 

** What did you tell me, then ? " asked the Cliief, 
with a frown. 


told you that Christian men don't lie or 

deceive — leastwise they don't do it with a 

** Are 2^u a Christian man, Jowan *l 


it T «.„ »» 

am,' rc^ plied the sailor promptly. Then 



With a somewhat perplexcMl air, " Anyhow I hope 

I am, an' I try to act as sitch." 

" Good, I will soon prove it. You will be near 

tha Cookee-men of Raratonga to-morrow. You 
will have chance to go with them and leave me ; 

but if you do, or if you speak one word of Cookee* 

tongue — you are not Christian. Moreover, I will 

batter your skull witli my club, till it is like the 

soft pulp of the bread-fruit." 

** You're a cute fellar, as the Yankees say," re- 
marked Jarwin, with a slight smile. This being 
said in English, the Chief took no notice of it, 
but glanced at his slave suspiciously. 

"Big Chief/' said Jarwin, after a short silence, 
" even before I was a Christian, I had been taught 
by my mother to be ashamed of telling a lie, so 

you've no occasion for to doubt me. But it's a 
hard thing to stand by a countryman, specially in 
my pecooliar circumstances, au' not let him know 
that you can speak to him. May I not be allowed 
to palaver a bit with *em ? I wont ask 'em to take 
me from you." 

" No," said the Chief sternly. "You came witb 


me promising that you would not even speak to 
the Cookee-nien." 

'* Well, Big Chief/* replied Jarwin, energetic 

ally, " you shall see that a British seaman can stick 
to his promise. Ill be true to you. Honour 
bright. I 'U not give 'em a word of the English 
lingo if they was to try to tear it out o' me wi' red 
hot pincers, I'll content myself wi' lookin* at 
em and listenin* to 'em. It'll be a comfort to 

hear my mother-tongue, anyhow. 



Good/' replied tlic Chief, '* I trust you." 

The interval of rest cominiJj to an end at this 
point, the conversation ceased and the paddles 

were resumed. 

It was a magnificent day. The great Pacific 
was in that condition of perfect repose which its 
name suggests. Not a breath of air ruffled the 
wide sheet of water, which lay spread out like a 
vast circular looking-glass to reflect the sky, and 

did reflect the sky with such perfect fidelity, 
that the clouds and cloudlets in the deep were 
exact counterparts of those that floated in the air, 
while the four canoes, resting on their own refleo- 


tions, seemed to be suspended in the centre of & 
crystal world, which was dazzlingly lit up by two 

resplendent suns. 

This condition of calm lasted the whole of that 
day and night, and the heat was very great; 
nevertlieless the warriors — of whom there were 

from forty to fifty in each canoe — did not cease 
to paddle for an instant, save when the short 
spells of rest came round, and when, twice dur- 
ing the day^ they stopped to eat a ha^ty meal. 

When the sun set they still continued to paddle 
onwards, the only difference being that instead of 
passing over a sea of crystal, they appeared to 
traverse an ocean of amber and burnished gold. 
A.11 night they continued their labours. About 
daybreak the Chief permitted them to enjoy a 
somewl)at longer period of reyt. during which 
most of them, without lying down, indulged in a 
short but refreshing nap. Resuming the paddles, 
they proceeded until sunrise, when th<iir hearts 
w(ire gladdened by the sight of the blue hills of 
liaratonga on the bright horizon. 


" Now we shall soon be at the end of our voy- 
age," fifaid the Chief, as he pointed to the distant 
hills, and glanced at Jarwin as he might at a prize 
which he was much afraid of losing. " Remember 

the promise, you Chtistian. Don't be a de- 
ceiver, you ' Breetish tar ! ' " (He quoted Jarwin 


" Honour bright ! " replied our hero. 

The savage gazed earnestly into the sailor's 

bright eyes, and appeared to think that if his 
honour was as bright as they were, there was not 
much cause to fear. At all events he looked 
pleased, nodded his head, and said " Good," with 
considerable emphasis. 

By this time the hills of Raratonga were begin- 
ning to look less like blue clouds and more like 

real mountains; gradually as the canoes drew 
nearer, the markings on them became more and 
more defined, until at last everything was dis- 
tinctly visible — rocky eminences and luxuriant 
valleys, through which flowed streams and rivuleta 
that glittered brightly in the light of the ascend- 


ing sun, and almost constrained Jarwfn to shout 
with delight, for he gazed upon a scene more 
lovely hy far than anything that he had yet beheld 

in the Southern Ses^ 




Whek the four canoes drew near to the island, 
ininjense Jiumbers of natives were seen to assemble 
on til e beach, so that Big Chief deemed it advisable 
to advance with caution. Presently a solitary 
figure, either dressed or painted black, advanced 
in front of the others and waved a wliite Hag. 
This seemed to increase the Chiefs anxiety, for he 
ordered the men to cease ]) mid ling. 

Jarwin, whose lieart had leaped with delight 
when he saw the dark figure and the white flag, 
immediately tui-ned round and said 

You needn't be afraid, old boy; that's the 
missionaiy, 1 '11 be bound, in his black toggery, 
an' a white flag means ' peace ' among Cookee 




On hoaring this, the Chief gave the ordor to 
advance, and Jarwin seizing a piece of native 
cloth that lay near him, waved it round his head. 

"Stop that, you Ereetish tar!" growled Ri^ 
Chief, seizing a huge club, wliich bristled with 
shark's teeth, and shaking it at the seaman, while 

his own teeth were displayed in a threatening grin, 

"All right, old codger," replied the British tar, 
with a submissive look ; " lionour bright, honour 
bright," he added several times, in a low tone, as 
if to keep himself in mind of his promise. 

We have already said that our hero and his 
master talked in the native tongue, which the 
former had acquired with wonderful facility, but 
such familiar expressions as " old boy," ** old 
codger," &c., were necessarily uttered in English, 
Fortunately for Jarwin, who was by nature free- 
and-easy, the savage chief imagiru^d these to be 
terms of respect, and was, consequently, rather 
pleased to hear them. Similarly, Big Chief said 
"Breetish tar" and ** Christian" in English, as he 
had learned them from his captive. When master 
and slave began to grow fond of e^ch other — as 


we have seen that they soon did, their maaly 
natures being congenial — they used these expres- 
sions more frequently ; Jarwin meaning to express 
facetious goodwill, but his master desiring to ex- 
press kindly regard, except when he was roused 
to anger, in which case he did not, however, use 
them contemptuously, but as expressive of earnest 

On landing, Big Chief and his warriors were 
received by the Eev. Mr Williams and his natives 
teachers — of whom there were two men and two 
women — with every demonstration of kindness, 

and were informed that the island of Raratonga 
had cast away and burned its idols, and now wor- 
shipped the true God, who had sent His Son Jesus 
Christ to save the world from sin. 


1 know that," replied Big Chief to the teacher 
who interpreted; "converts, Uke yourself, came 

to my island not long ago, and told me all about 

it Now I have come to see and hear. A wise 

w i 

man will know and understand before he acts." 

Big Chief was then conducted to the presence 

of the king of that part of the island, who stood, 



surrounded by his chief men, under a grove of 
Temanu trees. The king, whose name was Makea, 
wa8 a handsome man, in the prime of life, about 
six feet high, and very massive and muscular. 
He had a noble appearance and commanding 
aspect, and, though not so tall as Big Chief, was, 
obviously, a man of superior power in every way 
His complexion was light, and his body mo?J 
beautifully tatooed and slightly coloured with a 
preparation of tumeric and ginger, which gave il 
a light orange tinge, and, in the estimation of th^ 
Raratongans, added much to the beauty of his 


The tvKo cliiefs advanced frankly to each other, 
and amiably rubbed noses together — tlie South Sea 
method of salutation ! Then a long palaver ensued, 
in which Big Chief explained the object of his 
visit, namely, to hear about the new religion, and 
to witness its effects with his own eyes. The 
vnissiouary gladly gave him a full account of all 
he desired to know, and earnestly urged him to 
accept the Gospel of Jesus Christ, and to throvp 
away his idoLi 


Big Chief and his men listened with earnest 
attention and intense gravity, and, after the pala- 
ver was over, retired to consult together in 


During all this time poor Jar win's heart had 
m*en greatly stirred, lieing tatooed, and nearly 
Daked, as well as painted like the rest of his com- 
rades, of course no one took particular notice of 
him, which depress».d him greatly, for he felt an 
intense desire to seize the missionary by the hand, 
iuid claim him as a countryman. Indeed this 
/eeling was so strong upon him on first hearing 
Mr Williams's English tone of voice — although the 
missionary spoke only in the native tongue — that he 
co\ild scarcely restrain himself, and had to mutter 
"honour bright" several times, in order, as it 
were, to hold himself in check. *' Honour bright " 
became his moral rein, or curb, on that trying 
occasioi» But when, in the course of the palaver, 
Mrs Wiliitams, who had acc(nr/panied her husband 
on this dangerous expedition, canu^ forward and 
addressed a few words to the missionary in Eng-i 
lish, ho involuntarily sprang forward with an excla- 


mation of delight at liearing once more the old 
familiar tongue. He glanced, however, at Big 
Chief, and checked himself. There was a stern 
expression on the brow of the savage, but his eyes 
remained fixed on the ground, and his form and 
face were immovable, as though he heard and 
saw notliing. 

" Honour bright," whispered Jarwin, as he turned 
about and retired among his comrades. 

Fortunately his sudden action had only attracted 
the attention of a few of those who were nearest to 
him, and no notice was taken of it. 

When Big Chief retired with his men for con- 
sultation, he called Jarwin aside, 

" Jarwin," he said, with unusual gravity. " you 
must not hear our palaver." 

"Why not, old feller? 



is your business to obey, not to question 

replied Big Chief, sternly. " Go — when I want 
you 1 will find you. You may go and hok at thw 

Cookee missionary, but, remember, I have your 



*' Honour bright," replied Jarwin with a sigh. 


*• The promise of a Breetiah tar ? * 

" Suiely " replied Jarwin. 

** Of a Christian f " said Big Chief, with em 


*' Aye, that 's the idee ; but it 's a hard case, old 
boy, to advise a poor feller to go into the very 
jaws o' temptation. I would rather ee had ordered 
me to keep away from 'em, Howsever, here goes ! " 

Muttering these words to himself, he left his 
savage friends to hold their palaver, and went 
straight into the ** jaws of temptation," by walking 

towards the cottage of the missionary. It waa a 
neat wooaen erection, built emd plastered by the 
natives, Jarwin hung about the door; sometimes 
he even ventured to peep in at the windows, in 
his intense desire to see and hear the long-lost 
forms and tones of his native land ; and, as the 
natives generally were much addicted to such in- 
dications of curiosity, his doing so attracted no 
uuusual attention. 

While he was standing near the door, Mrs 
Williams imexpt^ctedly came out. Jarwia, feeling 
rtshamed to appoar iu *to v^y li>jht a costume b«^ 


forp a lady, turned smartly round and walked 
away, Tlien, reflecting that he was quite aa 
decently clothed as the other natives about, he 

turned again and slowly retraced his steps, pre- 
tending to be interested in picking stones ami 
plants from the ground. 

The missionary's wife looked at him for h 
moment with no greater interest than she would 
have bestowed on any other native, and then gazed 
towards the sea- shore, as if she expected some one 
Presently Mr Williams approached. 

** Well, have you been successful ? " she askei 

" Yes, it has been all arranged satisfactorily, sc 
I shall begin at once," replied Mr Williams. ** Thfi 
only tiling that gives me anxiety is the bellows/' 

Poor Jarwin drew nearer and nearer. His heart 
was again stirred in a way that it had not been 
for many a day, and he had to pull the rein pretty 
tightly; in fact, it required all his Christianit}' 
and British-tar-hood to prevent him from reveals 
ing himself, and claiming protection at thav 

As he rajsed himself, and iin'/jni with intense 


iBtereat at the speakers, the missionary's attention 
b(»came tixed on him, and he beckoned him to ap- 

think you are one of the strangers who have 
just arrived, are you not ? '* 

This was spoken in the language of Ilarat^cnga, 
which was so similar to that which he had already 
acquired, that he opened his mouth to reply, " Yes, 
your honour,*' or *' Your reverence," in English, 
But it suddenly occurred to him that he must 
translate this into the native tonirue if his secret 

was to be preserved. While he was turning over 
in his mind the best words to use for this purpoAi* 
he reflected that the imperfection of his knowledge, 
even the mere tone of his voice, would probably 
betray him ; he therefore remained dumb, with his 
mouth open. 

The missionary smiled slightly, and repeated 
his question. 

Jar win, in great perplexity, still remained dumb. 
Suddenly an idea flashed across his mind. He 
pointed to his mouth, wasforod his tong le, and 
shook his head. 



Ah ! you are dumb, my poor man," said the 

missionary, with a look of pity. 


Or tabooed," suggested the lady ; " his tongue 

may have been tabooed/' 

There was some reason and probability in this, 
for the extraordinary custom of tabooing, by which 
various things are supposed to be rendered sacred, 
and therefore not to be used or touched, is ex- 
tended by the South Sea Islanders to various parts 
of their bodies, as for inatance, the hands; in 

which case the person so tabooed must, for a 
time, be fed by others, as he dare not use his 
Jarwin, being aware of the custom, was so tickled 
the idea of his tongue being tabooed, that he 
burst into an uncontrollable tit of laughter, to the 
intense amazement of his questioners. While in 
the midst of this laugh, he became horrified by the 
thought that that of itself would be sufficient to 
betray him, so he cleverly remedied the evil, and 
gave vent to his feelings by tapering the laujjh off 
mto a hideous yell, and rushed frantically from 
the B 



Strange," obs^ved the missionary, gazing after 
the fugitive mariner, " how like that was to an 
English laugh ! " 

** More like the cry of a South Sea maniac, I 

think," said Mrs Williams, re-entering the house, 
followed by her husband. 

The matter which the missionary said had been 

arranged so satisfactorily, and was to be begun at 
once, was neither more nor less than the building 
of a ship, in which to traverse the great island- 
studded breast of the Pacific. 

In case some one, accustomed to think of the 
ponderous vessels which are built constantly in 
this land with such speed and facility, should be 
inclined to regard the building of a ship a small 

matter, we shall point out a few of the difi&culties 
with which the missionary had to contend in this 
projected work- 
in the first place, he was on what is sometimes 
styled a '* savage island " — an island that lay far 
out of the ujBual track of ships, that had only been 
discovered a little more than a year at that time, 
and was inhabited by a blood-thirsty, savage, 

132 .TAHWIN AN1» 0nTF7, 

cruel, and ignorant race of human beings, who 
had renounced idolatry and embraced Christianity 
only a few months before. They knew no more 


of ship-building than the celebrated man in the 
moon, and their methods of building canoes were 
quite inapplicable to vessels of large capacity. 
Besides this, Mr Williams was the only white man 
on the island, and he had no suitable implements 
for shipbuilding, except axes and augurs, and a 
few of the smaller of the carpenter's tools. In the 

building of a vessel, timbers and planks are in- 
dispensable, but he had no pit-saw wherewith to 

cut these. It is necessary to fasten planks and 
timbers together, but he had no nails to do this. 

Heavy iron for^^ings were required for some parte 
of the structure, but, although he possessed iron, 
he had no smith*s anvil, or hammer, or tongs, oi 
bellows, wherewith to forge it In these circum- 
stances he comirienced one of the greate,st pieces 
of work ever undertaken by man — gro^teat, not 
only becaujse of the mechanical difficulti(i9 over- 
come, but because of the influence for good that 

the ship, when coiapleted, had upon the natives 


of the Southern Seas, as well as its reflex influence 
in exciting admiration, emulation, and enthusiasm 
in other lands. 

The first difficulty was the bellows. Nothing 
could be done without these and the forge. There 
were four goats on the island. Throe of these wer<- 
sacrificed ; their skins were cut up, and, along 

with two boards, converted into a pair of smith's 
bellows in four days. 

No one can imagine the intense interest with 
which John Jarwin looked on while the persever- 
ing but inexperienced missionary laboured at this 
work, and tremendous was the struggle which he 
had to keep his hands idle and his tongue quiet ; 
for he was a mechanical genius, and could have 
given the missionary many a useful hint, but did 
not dare to do so lest his knowledge, or voice, or 
aptitude for such work, or aU these put togetheij 
should betray him. He was, therefore, fain td 
content himself with looking on, or performing a 
few trifling acts in the way of lifting, canying, an*/ 

hewing with tlie axe. 

His friends frequently cam© to look ou. as i>ie 


fork progressed, and he could not help fancying 
that they regarded him with looks of peculiar in- 
terest, Thifl perplexed him, but, supposing that 
it must result from suspicion of his integrity, he 
took no notice of it. save that he became more 
resolute than ever in reference to " honour bright ! " 
Big Chief also came to look on and wonder, but, 
although he kept a sharp eye on his slave, he did 
not seem to desire intercourse with him. 

When the bellows were finished, it was found 
that they did not work properly. The upper box 
did not fill well, and, when tried, they were not 
satisfied with blowing wind out, but insisted on 
drawing fire in ! They were, in short, a failure I 
Deep were the ponderings of the missionary as to 
how this was to be remedied, and small was the 

light thrown on the subject by the various encyclo- 
psedias and other books which he possessed ; but 
the question was somewhat abruptly settled for 
him by the rats. These creatures devoured aU the 
leather of the bellows in a single night, and left 
nothing but the bare boards t 
Kats were an absolute plague at that time at 


Raratonsj». Mr Williams tells us, in his int<;rt^t- 
ing ** Narrative/' that he and his family never sat 
down to a meal without having two or more per. 
sons stationed to keep them off the tablf* When 
kneeling^ at family prayer, they would run over 
them in all directions, and it was found difficult ih 
keep them out of the beds. On one occasion, 
when the servant was making one of the beds, she 
uttered a scream, and, on rushing into the room, 
Mr Williams found that four rats had crept under 
the pillow and made themselves snug there. They 
paid for their impudence, however, with their 
lives. On another occasion, a pair of English 
shoes, which had not been put in the usual place 
of safety, were totally devoured in a night, and 
the same fate befell the covering of a hair-trunk. 
No wonder, then, that they did not spare the 
bellows ! 

Poor Jarwin sorrowed over this loss fully as 
mucli as did the missionary, but he was forced to 

conceal his grief. 

Still b«nt on diacoveriug some method of ** mis- 

ing the wind,'* Mr Wiiliama appeaied to hi» in- 


ventive pov/ers. He considered that if a pump 
threw water, there was no reason why it shoald 
not throw wind. Impressed with this belief, he 
set to work and made a box about eighteen or 
twenty inches square and four feet high, with a 
valve in the bottom to let air in, a hole in the 

front to let it out, and a sort of piston to force it 

through the hole. By means of a long lever the 
piston could be raised, and by heavy weights it 
was pushed down. Of course considerable power 
was required to raise the piston and its weights, 
but there was a superabundi^nce of power, for 
thousands of wondering naiiv(!s were ready and 
eager to do whatever they were bid. They could have 
pumped the bellows bad they been the size of a 
house ! They worked admirably in some respects, 
but had the same fault as the first pair, namely, a 
tendency to suck in tlie fire I This, however, was 
correGted by means of a valve at the back of the 
pipe which communicated with the fire. Another 
fault lay in the length oi' interval between the 
blasts. This M^as remedied by making another 
box of the same kind, and working the two alter- 


nately, so that when one was blowing the fire, the 
other was, as it were, taking breath, Tlius a con- 
tinuous blast was obtained, while eight or ten 
grinning and delighted natives worked the levers. 
The great difficulty being thus overcome, the 

work progressed rapidly. A large hard stone 

served for an anvil, and a small stone, perforated, 

with a handle affixed to it, did duty for a hammer. 
A. pair of carpenter's pincers served for tongs, and 
charcoal, made from the cocoanut and other trees, 
did duty for coals. In order to obtain planks, the 
missionary split trees in half with wedges and 
then the natives thinned them down with ad^es 
extemporised by iittiug crooked handles to ordinary 
hatchets. When a bent or twisted plank was re- 
quired, having no apparatus for steaming it, he 
bent a piece of bamboo to the required shape, and 
sent natives to scour the woods in search of a 
suitable crooked tree. Thus planks suited to his 
purpose were obtained Instead of fastening the 
planks to the timbers of the ship with iron nails, 
large wooden pins, or ** trenails," were used, and 
driven into augur holes, and thus the fabric was 


held together. Instead of oakum, cocoanut husk 
was used, and native cloth and dried banana 
stumps to caulk the seams, and make them water- 
tight. The bark of a certain tree was spun into 
twine and rope by a rope-machine made for the 
purpose, and a still more complex machine, namely, 
a turning-lathe, was constructed for the pui-pose of 
turning the block sheaves ; while sails were made 
out of native mats, quiltod to give them sufficient 

strength to resist the wind. 

By these means was completed, in about three 
months, a decked vessel of from seventy to t-icrhty 
tons burden — about sixty feet long by eighteen 
broad. She was finally launched and named The 
Messemjer of Peace. And, truly, a messenger of 
peace and glad tidings did she afterwards prove to 
be on many occasions among the islands of the 
Southern Seas. 

But our hero, John Jarwin, was not allowed to 
remain to see this happy consummation. He only 
looked on and assisted at the commencement of 

the work. 

Many and many a lime did he. during that 


trying period, argue with himself aa to the pro- 
priety of his conduct in th\i3 refusing the means 

of escHpe when it was thrown in his way, and 
there was not wanting, now and then, a suggestion 

from somewhere — he knew not where, but certainly 
it was not from outside of him — that perhaps tlie 
opportunity had been providentially thrown in his 
way. But Jarwin resisted these suggestions. He 
looked wjt), and reflected that lie was there undei 
a solemn promise ; that, but for his promise, he 
should not have been there at all, and that, there- 
fore, it was his peculiar duty at that particular 
time to whisper to himself continually — " honour 
bright 1 " 

One morning Big Chief roused Jarwiu with his 
toe, and said 

" Get up. We g'^ homo now." 
'* What say ee, old man ? *^ 

*' Get ready. We go to-day. I have seen and 
heard enough." 

Big Chief was very stern, so that Jarwin thought 
it wise to hold his tongue and obey. 

There was a long animated palaver between the 



chief, the missionary, aad the king, but Jarwin 
had been carefully prevented from hearing it by 
his master, who ordered him to keep by the canoes, 

which were launched and ready. Once again he 
was assailed by an intense desire to escape, and 
this sudden approach of the time that was per- 
chance to fix his fate for life rendered him almost 
desperate — but he still looked up, and ** honour 
bright " carried the day. He remained dumb to 
the la-st, and did not even allow himself the small 
comfort of waving a piece of native cloth to the 
missionary, as he and his captors paddled from the 
Raialonga shore. 




At first John Jarwin could not quite realise hifc 
true position after leaving Raratonga. The excite- 
ment consequent on the whole affair remained for 
9ome time on his mind, causing lum to fa^l as if it 

were a dream, and it was not until he had fairly 
landed again on Big Chiefs island, and returned 
to his own little hut there, and had met with 
Cuffy — whose demonstrations of intense delight 
cannot by any possibility be described — that he 
came fully to understand the value of the oppor- 
tunity which he had let slip through his fingers. 

Poor Jarwin! words fail to convey a correct 
idea of the depth of his despair, for now he saw 
clearly, as he thought, that perpetual slavery was 
his doom. Under the influence of the feelings 
that overwhelmed him he became savage. 

142 JARWIN AKD onrFY. 



Cuff," said he, ou the afternoon of the dny of 
his return, " it 's all up with you and me, old chap. 

The tone in which this was uttered was so stern 
that the terrier drooped its ears, lowered its tail, 
and looked up with au expression that was equiva- 
lent to " Don't kick me, please don't !'' 

Jarwin smiled a grim yet a pitiful smile as ha 

looked at the dog. 

** Yes. it 's all up with us," he continued ; '* we 
shall live and die in slavery ; wot a fool I was not 
to cut and run wen I had the chance!'* 

Tlie remembrance of "honour bright" flashed 
upon him here, but he was still savage, and there- 
fore doggedly shut his eyes to it. 

At this poiat a message was brought to him from 
Big Chief requesting his attendance in the royal 
hut. Jarwin turned angrily on the messenger and 
bid him begone in a voice of thunder, at th e same 
time intimating, by a motion of his foot, that if he 
did not obey smartly, he would quicken his mo- 
tions for him. The messenger vanished, and 
Jarwin sat down beside Cufify — who looked exca»- 

sively humble — and vented his feelings thus 


" I can't stand it no longer Culf. i won't stand 
it ! I 'm goin' to bust up I am ; so look out 

for squalls." 

A feeling of uncertainty as to the best method 
of "busting up" induced him to clutch his haii 
with both hands, and snort. It must not be sup- 
posed that our hero gave way to such rebellious 
feelings with impunity. On the contrary, his 
conscience pricked him to such an extent that it 
felt like an internal pincushion or hedgehog. 
While he was still holding fast to his locks m 
meditative uncertainty, three natives appeared at 
the entrance of his hut, and announced that they 
had been sent by Big Chief to take him to the 
royal hut by force, in case he should refuse to so 


Uttering a shout of defiance, the exasperated 
man sprang up and rushed at tlie natives, who, 
much too wise to await the onset, fled in three 
different directions. Instead of pursuing any of 
>hem, Jarwin went straight to his master's hut 
*here he found him seated on a couch of native 
cloth. Striding up to him he cleiicheii hie tiet 


and holding it up in a threiitening manner, ex- 

"Now look *ee here, Big Chief — which it would 
be big thief if 'ee had yer right name — I ain't 
goin' to stand this sort o* thing no longer. I kep* 
my word to you all the time we wos at Haratonga, 
but now 1 11 keep it no longer. I *11 do my best 
to cut the cable and make sail the wery first 
chance I gits — so I give *ee fair warnin'." 

Big Chief made no reply for some moments, but 
opened his eyes with such an intense expression 
of unaffected amazement, that Jarwin's wrath 

abated, in spite of his careful nursing of it to 
keep it warm. 

" Jowin," he exclaimed at length, "you Chris- 
tian Breetish tar, have your dibbil got into you 

This question effectually routed Jarwin's anger. 
He knew that the savage, to ^vhom he had spoken 
at various times on the subject of satanic influ- 
ence, was perfectly sincere in his inquiry, as well 
AS in his astonishment. Moreover, he himself 
felt surprised that Big Chief, who was noted for 
his readiness to resent insidt, should have sub- 


mitted to his angry tones and looks and threaten- 
ing manner without the slightest evidence of 
indignation. The two men therefore stood look- 
ing at each other in silent surprise for a few 

** Big Chief," said Jarwin at last, bringing his 
right fist down heavily into his left palm, by way 
of emphasis, " there 's no dibbil, as you call him, 
got possession o' me. My own spirit is dibbil 
enough, I find, to account for all that I 've said 
and done — an* a great deal mora But it has bis 
hard on me to see the door open, as it were, an 

not take adwantage of it. Howsever, it 's all ovei 

now, an' I ax yer parding. I'll not mutiny 
again. You've been a kind feller to me, old 
chap — though you are a savage — an' I ain't on- 
grateful ; as long as I 'm your slave I '11 do my 
duty — ' honour bright ; ' at the same time I think it 
fair an' above board to let you know that I 'U make 
my escape from you when I git the chance I 'm 

bound for to sarve you while I eat your wittles 

but 1 am free to go if I can manage it. There 
you may roast me alive an* eat me, if you like, but 


you can't say, after this, that I'm sailiu* under 

false col^mra" 

During this speech a variety of expressions 
affected the countenance of Big Cliief, but that 
melancholy predominated. 

'* Jowin/* he said, slowly, " T like you.** 
" You 're a good -hearted oid hullVr," said Jar- 
win, grasping the Chiefs hand, and squeezing 
it ; '*to say the tnith, I'm wery fond o' yourself. 

but it's nat'ral that I should like ray freedom 
Big Chief pondered this for some time, and 

ahook his head slowly, as if the result of his 
meditation was not satisfactory. 

" Jowin," he resumed, after a pause, " sing me 
a song." 

** Well, yoTi are a queer codger,'' said Jar win. 
laughing in spite of himself, '* if ever there wa-s a 
man as d i d n*t feel up to singi n' , th at 's me at this 

moment. Howsornedcver, I *spose it must be 

done. Wot *11 you 'ave ? * Ben Bolt,' ' Black- 
eyed Susan,' ' The Jolly Young Waterman/ * Jim 

Orow/ ' There la a Hai>j;)y Land,' or the * Old 

smtriiiSKS AND i)Ei>rvaKANCK. 147 

Hundred/ ch? Only say the word, an' I'll turn 
on the steam." 

Big Chief made no reply. As he ajjpeared to 

be lost in meditation, Janvin sat down, and in a 
species of desperation, began to bellow with uU 

the strength of his hmgs one of those nautical 
ditties with which seamen are wont to enliven 
the movements of the windlass or the capstan 
He changed the tune several times, and at length 
slid gradually into a more gentle and melodious 


•vein of song, while Big Chief listened with evi- 
dent pleasure. Still there was perceptible to Jar- 
win a dash of sadness in his master^s countenance 

which he had never seen before. Wondering at 
this, and changing his tunea to suit his own vary- 
ing moods, he gradually came to plaintive songs, 
and then to psalms and hymns. 

At last Big Chief seemed satisfied, and bade his 
tilave good- night. 

'* He 's a wonderful c'racter," remarked Jarwin 
to Cuffy, as he lay down to rest that night, " a 
most unaccountable sort o' man. There 'a sumthin' 
norkin' in is *eadi tho' wot it may be is more i\oi 

148 JABWIN AND CU?r?. 


I can telL P'raps he's agoiu' to spiflicate me, in 
consikence o' my impidence. If so, Cuff, what- 
ever will became o' you, my poor little doggie f 

CufiFy nestled very close to his master's side at 
this point, and whined in a pitiful tone, as if he 
really understood the purport of his remarks. \n 
five minutes more he was giving vent to occasional 

mild little whines and half barks, indicating that 
he was in the land of dreams, and Jarwin'a nose 
3ras creating sounds which told that its owner had 


reached that blessed asylum of the weary 

Next day our sailor awakened to the conscious 
ness of the fact that the sun was shining brightly 
that paroquets were chattering gaily, that Cufiy 
was still sleeping soundly, and that the subjects 
of Big Chief were making an unusual uproar 

Starting up, and pulling on a pair of remarkably 
ancient canvas trousers, which his master had 
graciously pennitted him to retain and wear, Jar- 
win looked out at the door of his hut and became 
aware of the fact that the whole trib^ was assem- 



bled in the spot where national ** palavers " were 
won't to be held. The " House " appeared to be 

engaged at the time in the discussion of some ex- 
ceedingly knotty question — a sort of national 
education bill, or church endowment scheme — for 
there was great excitement, much gesticulation, 

and very loud talk, accompanied with not a little 

angry demonstration on the part of the disputants. 

** Hallo ! wot's up V inquired Jarwin of a stout 

savage who stood at his door armed with a club, 

on the head of which human teeth formed a con- 

epicuous ornament. 

" Palaver," replied the savage. 

** It 's easy to hear and see that," replied Jarwin, 

*' but wot is it all about ?" 

The savage vouchsafed no farther reply, but 
continued to march up and down in front of 

the hut. 

Jarwin, therefore, essayed to quit his abode, but 
was stopped by the taciturn savage, who said that 
he must consider himself a prisoner until the 
palaver had come to an end. He was therefora 
fain to content himself with standing at his door 


and watching the gesticulations of the members 
of council. 

Big Chief was there of course, and appeared to 
take a prominent part in the proceedings. But 
there were other chiefs of the tribe whose opinions 
had much weight, though they were inferior to 
him in position. At last they appeared to agree, 
and finally, with a loud shout, the whole band 
nxshed off in the direction of the temple where 
their idols were kept. 

Jarwin's guard had manifested intense excit(j- 
ment during the clositig scene, and when this 
act took place he threw down his club, forsook his 
post, and followed his comrades. Of course Jar- 
win availed himself of the opportunity, and went 
to see what was being done^ 

To his great surpririe he found that the temple 
was being dismantled, while the idols were carried 
down to the palav(.'r-ground, if we may so call it, 
and thrown into a ht»ap there with marks of in- 
dignity and contempt. 

Knowing, as he did, the superstitious reveriaioe 
with which the natives regarded their idols. Jar- 


win beheld this state of things with intense amaze- 

ment, and he looked on with increasing interest, 
hoping, ere long, to discover some clue to the mys- 
tery, but his hopes were disappointed, for Big 
Chief caught sight of him and sternly ordered him 


back to his hut, where another guard was placed 
over him. This guard was more strict than the 
previous one had been. He would not allow hia 
prisoner even to look on at what was taking place. 
Under the circumstances, there was therefore 

'4 ) 

nothing for it but to fall back on philosophic 
meditation and converse With Oufify. These were 
rather poor resources, however, to a man who was 
surrounded by a tribe of excited savages. Despite 
his natural courage and coolness, Jarwin felt, aa 
he said himself, ** raither oncorafortable." 

Towards the afternoon things became a little 
more quiet, still no notice was taken of our hero 
save that his meals were sent to him trom the 
Chiefs hut. He wondered at this greatly, for 
nothing of the kind had ever happened before, 
and he began to entei-tain vague suspicions that 
such treatment might possibly be the prelude to 


evil of some kind befalling him. He questioned 
his guard several times, but that functionary told 
hiui that Big Chief had biddcin him refuse to hold 
converse with him on any subject whatever. 

Being, as the reader knows, a practical, matter- 
of-fact sort of man, our hero at last resigned him- 
self to his fate, whatever that nught be, and be- 
guiled the time by making many shrewd remarks 
ind observations to Cuffy. When the afternoon 
meal was brought to him, he heaved a deep sigh, 
and apparently, with that effort flung off all hia 

** Come along, Cuff," he said in a hearty voice, 
sitting down to dinner, "let's grub together an* 
be thankful for small mercies, anyhow. WotevcT 
turns up, you and I shall go halves and stick by 

one another to the last. Not that I have any 
doubts of Big Chief, Cuffy; you mustn't suppose 
that ; but then, you see, he ain*t the only chief in 
the island, and if all the rest was to go agin him, 

he couldn't do much to save us." 

The dog of course replied in its usual facetious 
manner with eyes and tail, and sat down with its 


ears cocked and its head turned expectantly on 
one side, while the sailor removed the pdm-leaf 

csovering of the basket which contained the provi- 
sions sent to him. 

" Wot have we here, CufiPy ?" he said soliloquis- 
ing and looking earnestly in ; " let me see ; bit of 
baked pig — good, Cuff, good ; that 's the stuff to 
make us fat Wot next ? Boast fish — that^s not 
bad, Cuff — not bad, though hardly equal to the 
pig. Here wo have a leaf full of plantains and 

another of yams, — excellent grub that, my doggie^ 
nothing could be better. What's this ? Cocoanut 

full of its own milk — the best o* drink ; ' it 
cheers ' — as the old song, or the old poet says 
* but it don't inebriate ; * that wos said in regard to 
tea, you know, but it holds good in respect of 
cocoanut milk, and it's far better than grog, 
Cufiy ; far better, though you can't know nothin* 
about that, but you may take my word for it; 
happy is the man as drinks nothin' stronger than 
cocoanut milk or tea Hallo ! wot's this — plums ! 
Why, doggie, they 're on common good to us to-day. 
I wonder wot 's up. I say'* Jai win paused as ht- 

154 JAHWIN A>a) <:]T1FFV. 

drew the last dish out of the prolific basket, and 
looked earnestly at his dog while he laid it down, 

say^ what if they should have taken it into 
their heads to fatten us up before killin' us 'i 
That*s not a wery agreeable notion, is it, eh V 

Apparently Cuffy was of the same opinion^ for 
he did not wag even the point of his tail, and tliere 

was something dubious in the glance of his eye 

as he waited for more, 

** Well, well, it ain't no use surmisinV* observed 
the seaman, with another sigh, " wot weVe got for 
to do just now is to eat our wit ties an' hope for 
the best. Here you are, Cuff — catch 1 " 

Throwing a lump of baked pig to his dog, the 
worthy man fell to with a keen appetite, and gave 
himself no further anxiety as to the probable oi 
possible events of the future. 

Dinner concluded, he would fain have gone out 
for a raiuble on the shore — as he had been wont 
to do in time past — but his gaoler forbade him to 
quit the hut. He was therefore about to console 
himself with a siesta, when an unexpected order 
came from Big Chief, requiring his immediate 

8tTRt»RIS1fiS ANt) DKLlVERANCfi. 155 

attendance in the royal hut. Jar win at once 
obeyed the mandate, and in a few minutes stood 
before his master, who was seated on a raised 
couch, enjoying a cup of cocoanut milk, 

** I have send for you," began Big Chief with 

solemnity, ** to have a pejaver. Sit down, you 
Breetish tar." 

"All right, old chap," replied Jarwin, seating 
himself on a stool opposite to his master, '* W 
is it to be about?" 

"Jowin," rejoined Big Chief, with deepeni 
gravity, ** you *s bin well treated here." 

Big Chief spoke in broken English now, having 
picked it up with amazing facility from his white 

** Well, y-6-e-s, I ^m free to confess that I has 
bin well treated — barrin* the fact that my liberty's 
bin took away ; besides which, some of your black 
rascals ain't quite so civil as they might be, but on 
the whole, I 've been well treated ; anyhow I never 
received nothin but kindness from you, old codger," 

He extended his hand frankly, and Big Chief, 
who had been taught the meaning of our English 


'_ y 


me5thod of salutation, grasped it wnrnily and 
shook it with such vigour that he would certainly 
have discomposed Jar win had that ** Broetish tar " 
been a less powerful man. He performed this 
ceremony with the utmost sadness, however, and 
continued to shake his head in such a melancholy 
way that his white slave began to feel quite 
anxious about him, 

** Hallo! old feller, you ain't bin took bad, 
have 'eeT' 

Big Chief made no reply, but continued to shake 

his head slowly; then, as if a sudden idea had 
occurred to him, he ruse, and, grasping Jarwin by 
his whiskers with both hands, rubbed noses with 

him, after which he resumed his seat on the 

**Just so," v'^^served our hero with a smile, 
** you shake liands with me English fashion 
rub noses with you South-Sea fashion. (Jive an' 
take ; all right, old codger — ' may our friendship 

last for ever/ as the old song puts it But wot 
about this h<}re palaver you spoke of ? It wam't 

merely to rub our be^iks tonether that you sent for 


dbfii*IUHa8 AiHX') nEUVTCRAlSClt. 16? 

me, 1 fancy. Is it a song you wants, ot a hymn? 
Only say the word, and I 'm your man.*' 

** I s'pose," said Big Chief, using, of course, 
Jarwin's sea phraseology, only still farther broken, 
"you'd up ankar an' make sail most quick if you 
could, eh ? " 

" Well, although I has a likin* for you, old 
man," replied the sailor, ** I can't but feel a sort 
o' prefereuco, d'ee see, for my own wife an' child' n. 

Tliere^e I would cut my cable, if I had the 
ch an oe. * ' 

" Kite right, kite right," replied Big Chief, witlr 
8 deep sigh, " you say it am nat'ral. Good, good, 
so 'tis. Now, Jowin,** continued the savage cliief, 
with intense earnestness, "you's free to go whor 
you pleases." 

** Oh, gammon '" replied Jarwin, with an unbe* 
lieving grin. 

" Wot is gammon? " demanded Big Chief, with 
a somewhat disappointed look. 

"Well, it don't matter what it means — it's 
nothin' or nonsense, if you like — but wt>t do you 
mean, old man* * that's the rub/ as Hamblet, or 

168 fARWiN AKt) CUFFt. 



some such c'racter, said to his father-in-law ; you 
ain't in airnest, are you ? " 

" Jo win/' answered the Chie^f, with immovablp 
gravity, " I not onderstan' you. Wot you mean 

by airnest?" He did not wait for a reply, how- 
ever, but seizing Jarwin by the wrist, and looking 
into his eyes with an expression of child-like 

earnestness that effectually solemnised his white 
Blave, continued, " Lissen, onderstan' me. T is a 
Christian. My broder chiefs an' I have watch 
you many days. You have always do wot is riglit^ 
no matter wot trouble follers to you. You do this 
for love of your God, your Saviour, so you tells 

me. Good, I do not need much palaver. Wen de 

sun shines it am hot; wen not shine am cold 
Wot more? Cookee missionary have say the 

truth. My slave have prove the truth. I love 


you, Jowin. I love your God. I keep you if pos- 
sible, but Christian must not have slave, 
you is free. 

" You don't mean tliaf, old man ?" cried Jarwin, 
starting up with Hashing eyes and seizing his mas- 

te.T s hand. 


•* You is free ! " repeated Big Chiel 

We need not relate all that honest John Jar win 

said and did after that. Let it suffice to record 

his closing remarks that night to Cufify. 

'* Cuff," said he, patting the shaggy head of his 

humble friend, " many a strange thing crops up 
in this here koorious world, but it never did occur 
to my mind before, that while a larned man like a 
missionary might state the truth, the likes o' me 
should have the chance an' the power to prove it ! 
That's a wery koorious fact, so you an' I shall go 
to sleep on it, my doggie — good-night** 



That Jarwiii^s cloliverance from slaveiy waR not a 
dream, but a blessed reality, was proved to him 
next day beyond all doubt by the singular pro- 
ceedings of Big Chief and his tribe. Such of the 
native idols as had not been biirned on the pre- 
vious day were brought out, collected into a heap, 
and publicly burned, after which the whole tribe 
assembled on the palavering ground, and Big Chiei 
made a long, earnest, and an i mated speech, in 
which he related all that he liad seen of his white 
slave's conduct at the island of Ilara tonga, and 
.stated how that conduct had proved to him, more 
conclusively than anything else he had heard or 
soen, that the religion of the white missionaries 

wuK true. 

While this was being spoken, many sage refleo- 
»na were pajssing throufifh Jarwin's mind, and h 

THK LAST. 161 

feeling ot solemn thankfulness filled him when he 

embered how narrowly he had escaped doing 

inconceivable damage by giving way to temptation 
and breaking his word. He could not avoid per- 
ceiving that, if he had not been preserved in a 
course of rectitude all through his terrible trial, at 
a time when he thought that no one was thinking 
about him, not only would Big Chief and his 
nation have probably remained in heathen super- 
stition, and continued to practise all the horrid 
and bloody rites which that superstition involved, 
but his own condition of slavery would, in all 
probability, have been continued and rendered 
permanent; for Big Chief and his men were 
numerous and powerful enough to have held their 
own against the Raratongans, while, at the same 
time, it was probable that he would have lost his 
master s regard, as he would certainly have lost 
his respect 

He could not help reflecting, also» how much thfe 
cause of Christianity must oiten suffer in con- 
sequence of the conduct of many seamen, ca 

themselves Christians, who vifiit tlie South -8e« 


Islands, and leijd dissolute, abandoned lives while 
there. Some of these, he knew, brought this dis- 
credit on the name of Jesus thoughtlessly, and 
would, perhaps, be solemnised and sorry if they 
knew the terrible results of their conduct ; while 
others, he also knew, cared nothing for Christianity, 

or for anything in the world except the gratifica- 
tion of their own selfish desires. 

While he was yet pondering these things, Big 
Chief advanced towards him, and, taking him by 
the hand, led him into the centre of the concourse. 
To his great surprise and confusion the tall chief 


Now, Jowin will palaver to you. He 

Brectish tar— one Christian. He can tell us what 
we shall do." 

Saying this, Big Chief sat down, and left Jarwin 
standing in the midst scratching his head, and 
looking with extreme perplexity at the vast sea of 
black faces and glittering eyes which were directed 
towards him. 

" W'y, you know, old man, it ain't fair of you, 
this ain't/ he said, addressing himself to Big 

THE LABT. 163 

Chiel ; "you Vo took me all aback, like a white 
Bqnall. How d 'e s*pose that / can tell 'e wot to 
do ? I ain't a parson— no, not even a clerk, or a 
parisli beadle ! '* 

To this Big Chief vouchsafed no further reply 
than— " Palaver, you Breetish tar ! " 

" Wery good, " exclaimed Jar win, turning round, 

and looking full at his audience, while a bright 
smile lit up his sunburnt countenance, as if a sud- 
den idea had occurred to him, " I '11 do my best 
to palaver. Here goes, then, for a yam." 

Jarwin spoke, of course, in the native tongue^ 
which we translate into his own language. 

" Big Chief, small chiefs, and niggers in general,' 
he began, with a wave of his right hand, ** you Ve 
cailed on me for a speech. Good. I 'm your man. 
'm a " Breetish tar,' as your great chiel' says truly 

that *s a fact ; an* I *m a Christian — I hope, 
God knows, I Ve sometimes my own doubts as to 
that same; but the doubts ain't with reference to 
the Almighty ; they *re chiefly as regards myself. 
Howsever, to come to the point, you Ve gone and 

bun;t vr»ur idols" 

164 JABWl]:^ ANP Clit'KV. 

'* Ho ! " exclaimed the whole assembly, with a 
d^ree of energy that made a deep impression on 
the sailor — -jtist as one might be impressed when 
he has been permitted to become the happy 
medium of acnieving some great end which he 
had never dreamed of being privileged to accom- 

" Well, then" continued Jar win, ** (hat is a good 
thing, anyhow ; for it 's a disgrace to human natur', 
not to speak o' common-sense an' other things, to 
worship siocjks an' stones, w' en the Bible distinctly 
bells ^e not to do it. you 've done right in that 
matter ; an' glad am I to hear from Big Chief that 
you intend, after this, to foilcr the truth Old 
mau, an' niggers," cried Jar win, warming up, " to 
my mind, the Idghest thing that a man can dewot 
his-self to is, the foUerin* out an' fallin* in with 
the truth Just s'pose that chemists, an' ingineers, 
an' doctors was to foller lies ! Vy, wot would come 
of it? Confoosion wus confounded' In coorse, 
therefore, they carefully tries to foller wots true 
though I 'm bound for to say they do git off the 
track now an' thei), WelL if it 's so with such 

THBi \*A^T. Iftfi 

like, it 's much more so with religion. Wot thea ! 
Wy, stand by your colours, through thick an' 
thin. Hold on to the Bible ! That 's the watchword. 
That *s your sheet-anchor — though you haven't seed 
one yet. It's good holdin' ground is the Bible 
it's the only holdin ground. * How does I know 
that ? ' says you. Well, it ain't easy for me to 
give you an o Iff- hand answer to that, any more 
than it is to give you an off-hand answer to a com- 
plicated question in the rule o' three. A parsoD 
could do it, no doubt, but the likes o* me can only 
show a sort o' reflected light like the iiioon ; never- 
theless, we may show a true light — though re- 
flected. Chiefs an' niggers, tliere 's asses in every 
generation (young asses chiefly) as thinks they Ve 
found out sometliiu' noo in regard to the Bible, 

an* then runs it down. An' them fellers grow 
old, an' sticks to their opinions ; an' they think 
themselves wise, an' other people thinks 'em wise 
'cause they 're old, as if old n ess made 'em wise ! 
W'y are they asses ? W'y, because they formed 
their opinions early in life, in opposition to men 
wot has studied these matters all through their 


lives. Havin' hoisted their colours, they nails 'em 
to the mast ^ an' there they are ! They never 
goes at the investigation o' the subject as a man 
investigates mathematics, or navigation, or loga- 
rithms; so they're like a ship at sea without a 
chart. Niggers, no man can claim to be wise 
unless he can * render a reason/ He may be, 
p'raps, but he can't claim to be. /believe the 
Bible's true because o' two facts. Fust of all, men 

the highest intellec' have found it true, an 
tried it, an' practised its teachin's, an' rested their 
souls on it. In the second place, as the parsons say, 
I have tried it, an' found it true as fur as I 've gone. 
I 've sailed accordin to the chart, an' have struck 
on no rocks or shoals as yet, I 've bin wery near 
it ; but, thank God, I wasn't allowed to take the 

wrong course altogether, though I ve got to 

fess that I wanted to, many a time. Now, wot 
does all this here come to ? " demanded Jar win, 
gazing round on his audience, wlio were intensely 
interested, though they did not understand much 
of what he said, " wot does it come to ? W'y that, 
havin* wisely given up yer idols, an' taken to the 

tHK LASf, 161 

true God, the next best thing you can do is to go 
off at once to Rara tonga, au' git the best ad w ice 

you can from those wot are trained for to give ix, 
I can't say no fairer than that, for, as to askin' 

adwice on religious matters from the likes o' me, 
w*y the thing 's parfitly ridiklous 1 " 

Jar win sat down amid a murmur of applause. 
In a few minutes an old chief rose to reply. His 
words were to the effect that, although there was 
much in their white brother's speech beyond their 
understanding — which was not to be wondered at, 
considering that he was so learned, and they so 
Ignorant — there was one part of it which he 
tli(< roughly agreed with, namely, that a party 

sliould be sent to Raratonga to inform the Cookee 
missionaries as to what had taken place, to ask 

advice, and to beg one of the Cookees to come 
and live permanently on their island, and teach 
them the Christian religion. Another chief fol^ 
lowed with words and sentiments to much the 
same effect Then Big Chief gave orders that the 
canoes for the deputation should be got ready 
without delay, and the meeting broke up with 

158 JfAKWiN ANl> CJWVt. 

loud shouts and other pleasant demonstra- 

Matters having been thus satisfactorily arranged, 
Jarwin returned to his hut with a grateful heart, 
to meditate on the happy turn that liad taken 
place in his prospects. Finding the hut not quite 

congenial to his frame of mind, and observing 
that the day was unusually tine, he le solved to 
ramble in the cool shiidos of a neighbouring wood, 
" Come, Cuff, my doggie, you an* I shall go for 
a walk this fine day ; we ve much to think about 
an' talk over, d'ee see, which is best done in soli- 
tary places." 

Need we say that CufFy rospondod with intense 
enthiisiasm to this invitation, and that his ** s])anker 
boom " became violently demonstrative as he fol- 
lowed his master into the wood. 

Jarwin still wore^ as we have said, his old canvas 
trousers, which had been patched and re-patoluHi 
to such an extent with native cloth, that vary little 

of the original fabric was visible. Tiie same may 
be said of his old flannel shirt, to which he clunj.' 
with affectionate regaixl luni' after it ha.d ceased 

TBir. LAST. X6V 

to be capable of clinging to him without patch- 
work strengthening. The remnants of his straw 
hat» also, had bei^u carefully kept together, so that, 
with the exception of the paint on his face, which 
Big Chief insisted on his wearing, and the huge 
South -Sea club which he carried habitually for 
protection, he was still a fair specimen of a British 

Paroquets were chattering happily; rills were 

*Tickliug down the hillsides ; fruit and flower trees 
perfumed the air, and everything looked bright 
and beautiful — in pleasant accordance with the 
state of Jarwin s feelings — while the two friends 
wandered away through the woods in dreamy en- 
joyment of the past and present, and with hopeful 
anticipations in regard to the future. Jarwin said 

soriietliing to tliis effect to Cufly, and put it to 
him seriously to admit the truth of what he 

said, which that wise dog did at once — if there 
be any truth in the old saying that " silence !« 



After wandering for several hours, they came out 
of the wood at a paitof the coast which lay several 


miles distant from Big Chiefs village Here, to 
his surprise and alarm, he discovered two war- 
canoes in the act of running on the beach. He 
drew back at once, and endeavoured to conceal 
himself, for he knew too well that this was a party 
from a distant island, the principal chief of which 
had threatened more than once to make an attack 
on Big Chief and his tribe. But Jarwin had been 
observed, and was immediately pursued and his 
retreat cut ofif by hundreds of yelling savages. 
Seeing this, he ran down to the beach, and, taking 
up a position on a narrow spit of sand, flourished 
his ponderous club and stood at bay, CuflFy placed 
himself close behind his master, and, glaring 
between his legs at the approaching savages, dis- 
played all his teeth and snarled fiercely. One, 
who appeared to be a chief, ran straight at our 
hero, brandishing a club similar to his own. Jar- 
win had become by that time well practised in the 
use of his weapon ; he evaded the blow dealt at 
him, and fetched the savage such a whack on the 
small of his back as he pasaed him, that he fell 
flat on the pand and lay there. Cuffy ruahed at 

f klC LAST. 1 9 i 


ira and seized him by the throat, an act which 
induced another savage to launch a javelin at the 

dog. It grazed his back, cut it partly open, and 

sent him yelling into the woods. Meanwhile, 

Jarwin was surrounded, and, although he felled 

three or four of his assailants, was quickly over- 
powered by numbers, gagged, lashed tight to a 

pole, so that he could not move, and laid in the 
bottom of one of the war-canoes. 

Even when in this sad plight the sturdy seam a u 
did not lose heart, for he knew well that Cuffy 
being wounded and driven from his master*s side, 
would run straight home to his master's hut, and 
that Big Chief would at once suspect, from the 
nature of the wound and the circumstance of the 
dog being alone, that it was nucessary for him and 
his men-of-war to take the field; Jarwin, there- 
fore, felt very hopeful that he should be speedily 
rescued. But such hopes were quickly dispelled 

hen, after a noisy dispute on the beach, the 
Biivages, who owned the canoe in which he lay, sud- 
denly re-embarked and pushed off to sea, leaving 

the other canoe and its ^rew on the beacli. 

i1l2 JA.ftWm xw^ (aTF&^^. 

Horn after hour passed, but the canoe- men did 
did not relax their efforts. Straight out to sea 
they went, and when the sun set, Big Chiefs idand 
had already suuk beneath the liorizon. 

Now, indeed, a species of wild despair filled the 
breast of the poor captive. To be thus seized, and 
doomed in all probability to perp(itual bondage, 
when the cup of regained liberty had only just 
touched his lips, was very hard to bear. When 
he tirst fully realised his situation, he struggled 
fiercely to burst his bonds, but tlie men who had 
tied him knew liow to do their work. He struggled 
vainly until he was exhausted. Then, looking up 

into the starry sky, his mind became gradually 
composed, and he had recourse to prayer. Slum- 
ber ere long sealed his eyes, setting him free in 
imagination, and ho did not again waken until 
daylight was beginning to appear. 

All that day he lay in the same position, with- 
out water or food, cramped by the cords that bound 
him, and almost driven mad by the heat of an ou- 
clouded sun. Still, onward went the canoe — pro- 
pelled by men who appe^axed to require no rest 

i%l! LAS5. 17 S 


merht came again, and Jarwin — by that; time nearly 
exhausted — fell into a troubled slumber. From 
this be wast suddenly aroused by loud wild cries 
and shouts, as of men engaged in deadly conflict 
and he became aware of the fact that the canoe in 
which he lay was attacked, for the wamors had 
thrown down their paddies and seized their clubs, 

and their feet trod now on his chest, now on his 

face, as they staggered to and fro. In a few 

minutes sevpral dea<l and wounded men fell on 

him ; then he became unconscious. 

Wlien John Jarwin's powers of observation 

returned, he found himself lying on his back in a 

neat little bed, with white cotton curtains, in a 

small, com fort ably -furnished room, that reminded 
him powerfully of home ! Cuffy lay on the 

counterpane, sound asleep, with his chin on his 
master's breast At the bed-side, with her back to 

bim, sat a female, dressed in European clothes, 

md busy sewing, 

" Surely it ain't bin all a long dream 1 " whispered 

jarwin to himseli. 

Cuffy cocked his *^.ars and heM, and turned a 

l'?4 jAtiwm AND ourrif. 

furtive glance on his master's face, while his 
'* spanker boom " rose with the evident intention 

to wag, if circumstances rendered it advisable ; 
but circumstances had of late been rather perplex- 
ing to Cufify. At the same time the female turned 
quickly round and revealed a brown, though plea- 
sant, face. Simultaneously, a gigantic figure arose 
at his side and bent over him. 

" You's bedder?" said the gigantic figure. 

" Hallo I Big Chief! Wot *s up, old feller?" ex- 
claimed Jarwin. 

" Hold you's tongue ! " said Big Chief, sternly. 
" Go way," he added, to the female, who, with an 
acquiescent smile, left the room, 

" Well, this 18 queer ; an' I feels queer. Queery 

wots the meanin' of it ? " asked Jarwin. 

" You 's bin bad, Jowin," answered Big Chief, 

gravely, " wery bad. Dead a-most. Now, you 's 
goin' to be bedder. Doctor say that 



Doctor ! " exclaimed Jarwin in surprise, ** what 

doctor ? 


Doctor of ship. Hims come ebbery Oay for to 

see you." 

URtl IiASt. i ?6 


Ship I " cried Jarwia, springing up in his bed 

and glaring at Big Chief in wonder. 

"Lie down, you Christiau Breetish tar/' said the 
Chief, sternly, at the same time laying his large 
hand on the sailor's chest with a degree of force 
that rendered resistance useless. " Hold you^s 
tongue an' listen. Doctor say you not for speak. 
Me tell you all about it. 

** Fust place,'' continued Big Chief, " you's bin 

bad, konsikince of de blackguard's havin' jump on 

you's face an' stummick. But we give 'em awful 

lickin*, Jowin — oh ! smash um down right and 

left ; got you out de cauoe — dead, I think, but no, 

not jus' so. Bring you here — Karatonga. "De 

Cookee missionaiy an' his wife not here ; away in 

ship you sees im make. Native teechdr here. 
Dat teecher's wife bin nurse you an' go away jus' 

now. Ship comes here for trade, bound for Eng- 
land. Ams got doctor. Doctor come see you, 
shake ums head ; looks long time ; say he put you 
* all right/ Four week since dat Now, you's 
hall risht ? " 

The last words he uttered with much anxiety 

176 jrARV/[N ANU (HTF^t. 

depicted on his counteuance, for he had been 80 

often deceived of late by Jarwin having occasional 

lucid intervals in the midst of his delirium, that 

his faith in him had been shaken. 

" All right ! " exclaimed Jarwin, " aye, riglit as 

a trivet. Bound for England, did ee say — the 
ship ? '* 

Big Chief nodded and looked very sad, *'You 
go home ? " he asked, softly. 

Jarwin was deeply touched, he seized the big 
man's hand, and, not being strong, failed to restrain 
a tear or two. Big Chief, being very strong — in 
feelings as well as in frame — burst into teara, 
Cuffy, being utterly incapable of making head or 
tail of it, gave vent to a prolonged, dismal howl, 
which changed to a bark and whine of satisfaction 
when his master laughed, patted him, and advised 
him not to be so free in the use of his " spanker 
boom ! " 

* • « » » e « 

Four we<;ks later, and Jarwin, with Cufly by 
his side, stood, " himself again," on the quarter- 
deck of the Nancy of Hull, while the *'Yo, 

MB LAST. 177 

heave ho F " of the sailors rang an accornpanimt^nt 
to the clatter of the windlass as they weighed 
anchor. Big Chief held his hand and wept, and 
rubbed noses with him — to such an extent that 
the cabin boy said it was a perfect miracle that 
they had a scrap of nose left on their faces — and 
wonld not be consoled })y the assurance that he, 
Jarwin, would certainly make another voyage to 
the South Seas, if he should be spared to do so, 
and occasion oftered, for the express purpose of pay- 
ing him a visit. At last he tore himself away, got 
into his canoe, and remained gazing in s|)6echless 
801T0W after tlie homeward-bound vessel as she 
shook out her topsails to the breeze. 

Despite his efforts, poor Jarwin was so visibly 
affected at parting from his kind old master, that 

the steward of the ship, a sympathetic man, was 
induced to offer him a ghiss of ^rog and a pipii 
He accepted both, mechanically, still gazing with 
earnest looks at the fast-recoding canoe, 

Pre-sently he raised the glass tc* his lips, and his 
nose bec-ame aware of the long-forgotten odour I 
The current of his thoughts was violently changed 

its MU^IN AND CUFFlr. 

He looked intently at the glass and then at the 


" Drink/' said the sympathetic steward, '* and 

take a whiff. It *11 do you good/' 

*' Drink I whiff ! " exclaimed Jarwin, while a 
dark frown gathered on his brow. '* Th(3ro, old 
Father Neptune/' he cried, tossing the glass and 
pipe overboard, ^^ you drink and whiff, if you 
choose; John Jarwin has done wi' drinkin* an* 
whiiiin' for everl Thanks to you, all the same, 
an' no offence meant," he added in a gentler tone, 
turning to the astonished steward, and patting 
him on the shoulder, '* but if you had suffered all 

that I have suffered through bein' a slave to the 

glass and the pipe — when I thought I was no slave, 
mark you, an' would have larfed any one to scorn 

who'd said 1 wos — if you'd see'd me groanin', an' 

yearning, an' dreamin' of baccy an' grog, as I have 
done w'en I couldn't get neither of 'em for love or 
money — you wouldn't wonder that I ain't goin' to 
be such a born fool as to go an' sell myself ovei 
again I '^ 

Turaing quickly towards the shore, as if re^iev 

THK I>AST, 1 7U 

ting that he should, for a moroent, have appeared 
to forget his old friend, he pulled out hi^ handker- 

chief and waved it over the side. Big Chief re 
plied energetically with a scrap of native cloth 
not having got the length of handkerchiefs at that 


" Look at 'im. Cuff/* exclaimed Jar win, placing 
his dog on the bulwarks of tlie ship, ** look at him, 
Cuff, and wag your 'spanker boom ' to him, too 
ay, that 's right — for he 's as kind-hearted a nigger 
as ever owned a Breetish tar for a slave." 

He said no more, but continued to wave hia 

handkerchief at intervals until the canoe seemed 
a mere speck on the horizon, and, after it waa 
gone, he and his little dog continued to gaze sadly 
at the island^ as it grew fainter and fainter, until 
it sank at last into the great bosom of the Pacific 

The next land seen by Jarwin and Cufify wa&— - 
the white cliffs of Old England 1 



Unilonn with this Vohima. 

With Coloured Frontispiece and distinctive Colour Jackets 

for each volume. Cloth gilt, *j\ in, by 5 in, 

Jarwin and Cuffy. R. M. Ballantyne. 
Adrift in a Boat. W. H. G. Kingston. 
Washed Ashore. W, H. G. Kingston. 

Ernest Fairfield : A School Story. A. N. Malan. 

The Treasure -Finder: A Tale of a Lost Galleon. 

W. J. Gordon. 

Jack Locke : A Story of the Sea. Gordon Stables. 
Scout*s Head. Frederick Langbridge. 

The African Heir. Sid G. Hedges and Theodore 


The Secret Shore. LUlie Le Pla, 

The Secret of the Wood. Lillie Le Fla. 

Secrets of the Mountains. M. L. TyrreU. 

The Two New Girls. Bessie Marchant. 

A Strange Term. Margaret C. Field. 

What Katy Did at School. Susan Coolidge. 

What Katy Did Next. Susan Coolidge, 

Little Wives. Louisa M. Alcott. 

Robinson Crusoe. 

The Swiss Family Robinson. 



FREDERICK WARNE & Co., Ltd., London & New York.